60% protein, structural protein, enzymes,lipid, sugar, nucleic acid
the cell is about ___ and spends a large amount of its energy making protein. These proteins can either be ___ or ___ which are used to make the other component of the cell. The other components are (3 of them).
the information on how to make proteins is stored in the ___.
adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
four bases of the DNA are:
the base pairs in the DNA are NOT covalently bonded with each other. They are attracted by forming alot of ____ bonds which are weaker than covalent bonds.
1953, watson, crick, franklin
The double stranded structure of DNA was worked out in the year of ___ by ___, ___, and ___
information is stored in the DNA in the ___ arrangement of the nucleotide bases in one strand of the _____
the amount of information needed to code for an average protein is about ___ nucleotide bases. This is called a ___
one gene is equal to one ___
1960, 3, codon
The genetic code was cracked in the year ___. ___ nucleotide bases code for 1 amino acid. These sets of bases coding for 1 amino acid is called a ____
if the cell need to make a protein that is 300 amino acid long (size of average protein), then that information would be coded using ___ codons or ___ nucleotide bases.
size of average protein is ___ amino acid
when the cell gets ready to make a protein, the gene to make that protein is located and turned on. The information is first converted to ___. This is a usable form of information that can be ___ by the cell to assemble the proper amino acids.
dna, rna, protein
the order in which information is processed in the gene is ___ to ___ to ___.
rna polymerase, mRNA
transcription is carried out by an enzyme called ___. The RNA that is produced from the "gene" is called ____ because it contains the information or message to make the protein.
ribosome,codon,amino acid, molecule, transfer rna, peptide, protein, ribosome
Translation is carried out by a ___ which reads the mRNA one ___ at a time from one end to the other. As each codon is read, the proper ____ is brought close to the ribosome. Special carrier ___ are used to bring in the amino acid. These carriers are also made out of RNA and are called ____. as the proper amino acids are brought into position, ___ bonds are formed between amino acids and the new ____ grows as it is assembled by the ____
There are 3 types of RNA involved with the making of a protein: ___,___,__. These RNA's traslate information found in the DNA gene to make a functional protein
rna found in the ribosome
what is an rRna?
energy for reactions in the dna comes from ___ produced during catabolic reaction or ___