Cell Structure & Function and the Cell Cycle

116 terms by jdoppster Teacher

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nucleus

In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "A" ?

vacuoles

In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "E" ?

mitochondria

In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "C" ?

cell membrane

In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "D" ?

cytoplasm

In the picture of the animal cell what is letter "B" ?

cytoplasm

In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "C" ?

nucleus

In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "B" ?

chloroplast

In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "E" ?

cell wall

In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "F" ?

vacuole

In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "D" ?

cell membrane

In the picture of the plant cell what is letter "A" ?

nucleoid (DNA)

In the bacteria picture what is letter "A" ?

cytoplasm

In the bacteria picture what is letter "H" ?

capsule

In the bacteria picture what is letter "G" ?

cell wall

In the bacteria picture what is letter "F" ?

cell membrane

In the bacteria picture what is letter "E" ?

pili (cilia)

In the bacteria picture what is letter "D" ?

flagella

In the bacteria picture what is letter "B" ?

eukaryotic

Animal cells are __________ because they have a nucleus.

eukaryotic

Plant cells are __________ because they have a nucleus.

prokaryotic

Bacteria cells are __________ because they do not have a nucleus.

nucleus

This organelle is the control center of the cell. It contains chromosomes and DNA.

vacuole

This expanding and contracting organelle stores water, nutrients, and wastes. It is usually bigger in plant cells than in animal cells.

chloroplast

This organelle contains the green pigment chlorophyll and traps sunlight, which is used during the process of photosynthesis.

mitochondria

This organelle uses oxygen to break down glucose to supply the cell with energy.

cell wall

This is the tough, nonliving outer layer of each plant cell. It gives the cell shape, strength, and support.

cell membrane

This enclosing structure holds the cell together and controls what moves into and out of the cell.

centrioles

These organelles form spindle fibers during cell division and can usually be found in pairs at right angles to each other.

chromosomes

These structures are made up of DNA and are located inside of the nucleus. They look like little X's.

chromatin

These long thread-like structures are made up of DNA and are located inside of the nucleus.

Interphase

There are two main steps in the Cell Cycle what is the first step?

Mitosis

There are two main steps in the Cell cycle what is the second step?

Prophase

What does the "P" in PMAT stand for?

Metaphase

What does the "M" in PMAT stand for?

Anaphase

What does the "A" in PMAT stand for?

Telophase

What does the "T" in PMAT stand for?

three

How many steps does Interphase have?

four

How many steps does Mitosis have?

G1 (Gap 1)

What is the first step of Interphase?

S (DNA Synthesis)

What is the second step of Interphase?

G2 (Gap 2)

What is the third step of Interphase?

Prophase

What is the first step of Mitosis?

Metaphase

What is the second step of Mitosis?

Anaphase

What is the third step of Mitosis?

Telophase

What is the fourth step of Mitosis?

Prophase

I am a phase of mitosis that begins when the chromosomes are visible. What am I?

Prophase

I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the nucleolus and the nuclear membrane disintegrate. What am I?

Prophase

I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the centrioles move to opposite ends of the cell. What am I?

Prophase

I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the spindle fibers begin to form. What am I?

Metaphase

I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the duplicated chromosomes are line up in the center of the cell. What am I?

Metaphase

I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the centromere of each duplicated chromosome are attached to two spindle fibers, one from each side of the cell. What am I?

Anaphase

I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the centromere divides. What am I?

Anaphase

I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the spindle fibers shorten. What am I?

Anaphase

I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the duplicated chromosomes separate into chromosomes. What am I?

Anaphase

I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the chromosomes are pulled to opposite ends of the cell. What am I?

Telophase

I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the chromosomes uncoil. What am I?

Telophase

I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the cytoplasm separates in a process called cytokinesis. What am I?

Telophase

I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when a new nucleus is formed. What am I?

Telophase

I am a phase of mitosis that occurs when the cell begins to divide for the first time. What am I?

Cytokinesis

In telophase, what do you call the process that divides the cytoplasm equally between the two daughter cells?

G1 (Gap 1)

In interphase __________ takes place when the cell grows bigger and the organelles duplicate.

S (DNA Synthesis)

In interphase __________ takes place when DNA is copied and the chromosomes duplicate.

S (DNA Synthesis)

In interphase __________ takes place when the DNA is doubled.

G2 (Gap 2)

In interphase __________ takes place when the cell grows even bigger, the DNA is checked for mistakes, mistakes in DNA are repaired, and the cell prepares for mitosis.

Interphase

What part of the cell cycle is shown in the picture above?

Prophase

What part of mitosis is shown in the picture above?

Metaphase

What part of mitosis is shown in the picture above?

Anaphase

What part of mitosis is shown in the picture above?

Telophase

What part of mitosis is shown in the picture above?

Interphase

What part of the cell cycle shown in the picture above?

stem cells

We are cells that can develop into many different types of cells in the body during early life and growth.

muscle cells

We are cells that can contract (squeeze together) and relax (stretch and elongate) to move the body.

nerve cells

We are cells that receive and send information (impulses) throughout the body.

bone cells

We are cells that build, break down, and repair your bones.

white blood cells

We are cells that produce antibodies, engulf bacteria, and wage chemical warfare on bodily invaders.

platelets

We are cells that help to prevent bleeding by clotting blood.

red blood cells

We are cells that contain hemoglobin which allows us to carry oxygen molecules throughout the body.

stem cells

What types of cells are shown in the picture above?

red blood cell

What type of cell is shown in the picture above?

white blood cell

What type of cell is shown in the picture above?

bone cells

What types of cells are shown in the picture above?

nerve cell

What type of cell is shown in the picture above?

skin cell

What type of cell is shown in the picture above?

muscle cells

What types of cells are shown in the picture above?

platelets

What types of cells are shown in the picture above?

Interphase

What phase of the cell cycle is shown above?

Prophase

What phase of mitosis is shown above?

Metaphase

What phase of mitosis is shown above?

Anaphase

What phase of mitosis is shown above?

Telophase

What phase of mitosis is shown above?

Interphase

What phase of the cell cycle is shown above?

Prophase

What phase of mitosis is shown above?

Metaphase

What phase of mitosis is shown above?

Anaphase

What phase of mitosis is shown above?

Telophase

What phase of mitosis is shown above?

A

Which picture shows plant cells?

Interphase

The cell above is in what phase of the cell cycle?

Prophase

The cell above is in what phase of mitosis?

Metaphase

The cell above is in what phase of mitosis?

Anaphase

The cell above is in what phase of mitosis?

Telophase

The cell above is in what phase of mitosis?

Interphase

What is letter "A" ?

Prophase

What is letter "A" ?

Prophase

What is letter "A" ?

Metaphase

What is letter "B" ?

Interphase

What is letter "B" ?

Interphase

What is letter "B" ?

Prophase

What is letter "C" ?

Metaphase

What is letter "C" ?

Telophase

What is letter "C" ?

Anaphase

What is letter "D" ?

Anaphase

What is letter "D" ?

Metaphase

What is letter "D" ?

Telophase

What is letter "E" ?

Telophase

What is letter "E" ?

Anaphase

What is letter "E" ?

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