a great enlightened teacher, Mahavira was conisdered the 24th and last of these
Jains believe religion is created to steer people away from
This group was the one that had left prior to the predicted famine in the region. When they returned 12 years after the famine, they found that some of the teachings and practices of Jainism had changed and they didn't accept these changes.
the other group had stayed (near to where Mahavira had lived)
(sky-clad) wear nothing - no clothes - this represents innocence and detachment. They possess mainly a gourd for drinking water and a broom. The broom sweeps the ground before them so as to prevent them stepping on creatures that may be in front of them.
see women as inferior to men.
see women as capable as men, but in reality nuns are of a lower status than monks. There are female ascetics amongst them
every tiny spot of the universe is filled with living things. Human have no special right of supremacy. To kill any living thing has negative karmic effects
Jains avoid eating after sunset to avoid eating insects that might have landed on food in the dark
Some Jain ascetics wear a cloth over their mouth so as to not to inhale living organism
They specialize in banking, education, law, and publishing.
Non-attachment to things and people
Living requirements should be reduced to bare necessities
Possessions possess us: Their acquisition and loss drive our emotions
just as the monks wearn no clothes
Jains try to avoid states of anger and avoid being judgmental. They try to be open-minded and see the issues from all sides. They use the story of the blind people describing an elephant's trunk to show that each person has only a partial knowledge of the truth
Freeing soul from internal impurities, i.e., anger, pride, deceit and greed. This purification rite is call
Not taking something that's not yours
Sexual abstinence before marriage
Limiting one's material possessions
Paryushan Mahaparva, the festival dedicated to
non violence, a central jain principle
the jain principle of manifold asepcts of the truth
non acquistiveness, a major jain princniple
a highly ascetic order of jain monks who wear no clothes
the soul in jainism
the continual round of birth, death, and rebirth.
jain order of monks who are less ascetic than the Digambara
the great enlightnend teachers in Jainism, of whom Mahariva was the last in the present cosmic cycle.