American Revolution Social Studies Test

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French and Indian War

Was a war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley-- English defeated French in1763. Historical Significance: established England as number one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists toward England for the worse.

Where did the fighting of the French & Indian War take place?

American soil

Who was involved in the French and Indian War?

The British fought against the French and their allies the Native Americans.

Why were the British taxing the Americans?

The British lost money during the Fench and Indian War and so they taxed the American colonists to get it back.

Who won
the French and Indian War?

The British and the Iroquois

Boston Massacre

The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five americans

Boston Tea Party

demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor

Battle of Bunker Hill

First major battle of the Revolutions. It showed that the Americans could hold their own, but the British were also not easy to defeat. Ultimately, the Americans were forced to withdraw after running out of ammunition, and Bunker Hill was in British hands. However, the British suffered more deaths.

What was the Olive Branch Petitition?

a letter which was a petition sent to King George III that told the King American colonists were still loyal to Britain and that war could be avoided if the British government would give the colonists greater freedom to govern themselves.

What is the Declaration of Independence?

Document that stated America was free from Great Britain.

Treaty of Paris

Treaty signed in 1783 that offcially ended the American Revolution. Great Britain recognized the United States as an independent country.

Patriots

Colonists who wanted independence from Britain

Loyalists

American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence

Militia

An army of citizens who serve as soldiers during an emergency

Albany Plan of Union

plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown

Proclamation of 1763

A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.

First Continental Congress

The First Continental Congress convened on September 5, 1774, to protest the Intolerable Acts. The congress endorsed the Suffolk Resolves, voted for a boycott of British imports, and sent a petition to King George III, conceding to Parliament the power of regulation of commerce but stringently objecting to its arbitrary taxation and unfair judicial system.

Hessians

German soldiers hired by George III to smash Colonial rebellion, proved good in mechanical sense but they were more concerned about money than duty.

Mercenaries

hired soldiers

Blockade

prevents access or progress

Committees of Correspondence

Organization founded by Samuel Adams consisting of a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies

Repeal

To cancel

Petition

a formal message requesting something that is submitted to an authority

Boycott

refuse to buy

Colonial Leaders

Ben Franklin, John Hancock and Thomas Jefferson

Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown

captures charlestown and 5,000 american soldiers
patriots surround troops-cornwallis retreats to SC
American armies join with 2 french fleets and attacks Yorktown

Common Sense

a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation

Stamp Act

A tax that the British Pariliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the American Colonies

Intolerable Acts

A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British

Townshend Act

a law by the British Parliament which states the colonists had to pay a tax on products such as lead, glass, tea, paper and paints

Lexington and Concord

the first battle of the American Revolution (April 19, 1775)

the causes of the American Revolution

the American colonists wanted to be free from British rule

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