- King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793.
queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)
The Estates General
legislative assembly by social class
The National Assembly
transitional body between the Estates General and the National Constituent Assembly
prison in Paris, stormed for weapons
French revolutionary leader (born in Switzerland) who was a leader in overthrowing the Girondists and was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday (1743-1793)
nobles and others who left France during peasant uprisings and who hoped to come back to the old system
Paper currency, the French churches were used as collateral -the first French paper currency issued by the General Assembly.
The Civil Constitution of the Clergy
subordinanted to the Catholic church to the government
Violent agitator in the early days of Revolution, was very unpopular with the public. A compromiser, he came to oppose what he considered the Revolutions excesses
Olympe de Gourges
a woman who believed that females should be entitiled to the Declaration of the Rights of men. Wrote the declaration for the rights of women. It was rejected
Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794.
urban lower class, butchers, brewers, weavers, etc. poverty showed in their dress with loose fitting trousers
Delegates in the National Convention who favored a republic but feared domination by Paris.
A conservative leader who was deeply troubled by the aroused spirit of reform. In 1790, he published Reforms on The Revolution in France, one of the greatest intellectual defenses of European conservatism. He defended inherited priveledges in general and those of the English monarchy and aristocracy. Glorified unrepresentitive Parliament and predicted reform would lead to much chaos/tyranny.
Declaration of Pilnitz
the statment made by Austria and Prussia that they would attack France if anything happened to the King or Queen
the French defeated the Austrian and Prussian troops in 1792 (with a famous cannonade from the French artillery)
Counter revolution led by conservative forces (nobles, clergy, and the peasantry).
Levee en masse
Law that obligated all French men between certain ages to enlist in the army.
period of violence marked by mass execution
Committee of Public Safety
revolt in the revolution against the Reign of Terror
"The incorruptable;" the leader of the bloodiest portion of the French Revolution. He set out to build a republic of virtue.
During the Terror, The Catholic Church was linked to real or potential counter-revolutions. Religion was linked with the Ancient Regime, and Superstition, and so the Committee of Public Safety enacted measures to reduce its influence. IT included: New Calendar, aboloishment of Religious holidays, new names for months, 7-day weeks replaced with 10-day decades.
The violent backlash in France against the rule of Robspierre that began with his arrest and execution in July 1794, or 9 Thermidor in the French revolutionary calendar. Most of the instruments of Terror were dismantled, Jacobins were purged from public office, and Jacobin supporters were harassed or even murdered.
body of five Directors that held executive power
the coup d'état by which General Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the French Directory, replacing it with the French Consulate. This occurred on 9 November 1799, which was 18 Brumaire, Year VIII under the French Republican Calendar.