Cold War Part I- Mrs. Goldberg's Class

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For anyone who needs to study the Cold War Part I vocabulary for Mrs. Goldberg's class.

Dwight Eisenhower

United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany.

John Kennedy

President during 1961-1963. President during Cuban Missile Crisis. Strong image icon. Creator of Civil Rights Act.

Nikita Khrushchev

Leader of the USSR during the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Fidel Castro

Led the revolution of Cuba and took control of Cuba in 1959. Resented past dictators. Made Cuba communist

Douglas MacArthur

American general, who commanded allied troops in the Pacific during World War II.

Matthew Ridgeway

Replaced the original Korean general. Hired by Truman.

Syngman Rhee

Korean leader who became president of South Korea after World War II and led Korea during Korean War.

Kim Il Sung

Communist leader of North Korea; his attack on South Korea in 1950 started the Korean War. He remained in power until 1994.

Korean War

A war between North and South Korea.

38th parallel

Line of latitude that separated North and South Korea.

Inchon

A battle in the Korean War (1950).

Pusan

A city in southeastern South Korea on the Korean Strait, where Douglas MacArthur landed his Marines. Temporary capital of South Korea.

Panmunjon

Truce talks started at Panmunjon and dragged on for 2 yrs. The fighting still continued. Place where North and South Korea signed the ceasefire in 1953.

Mao Zedong

Chinese communist leader (1893-1976).

Chiang Kai- Shek

Leader of the Nationalist Party after 1925.

Joseph McCarthy

United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists (1908-1957).

Neil Armstrong

1st person to walk on the moon. U.S. Apollo 11. July, 1969. His famous words - "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

Yalta Conference

1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post war.

Iron Curtain

A political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region.

containment

American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world.

Truman Doctrine

President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism.

Berlin Airlift

Airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin.

Marshall Plan

A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952).

United Nations

An organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security.

satellite nation

Country that is dominated by a more powerful nation.

brinkmanship

The policy of pushing a dangerous situation to the brink of disaster (to the limits of safety).

NATO

An international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security.

Warsaw Pact

An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO.

People's Republic of China

Communist government of mainland China. Proclaimed in 1949 following military success of Mao Zedong over forces of Chiang Kai- Shek.

Republic Of China

A government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai- Shek after the conquest of mainland China by the communists led by Mao Zedong.

House Un- American Activities Committee (HUAC)

Committee in the House of Representatives founded on a temporary basis in 1938 to monitor activities of foreign agents.

blacklist

A list of 500 actors, writers, producers and directors who were not allowed to work on Hollywood films because of the alleged Communist connections.

Dien Bien Phu

The place that the final battle took place that forced the French out of Vietnam.

Sputnik/ Explorer

The world's first space satellite. This meant the Soviet Union had a missile powerful enough to reach the U.S.

Space Race

A competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union.

Berlin Wall

A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West.

Cuban Missile Crisis

The 1962 confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba.

U2 Spy Plane Incident

Hurt relations between USSR and USA after what appeared to be an easing in the tensions of the Cold War.

Francis Gary Powers

Pilot of an American U-2 spy plane.

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

Arrested in the Summer of 1950 and executed in 1953, they were convicted of conspiring to commit espionage by passing plans for the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union.

Bay Of Pigs Invasion

Failed invasion of Cuba in 1961 when a force of 1,200 Cuban exiles, backed by the United States, landed at the Bay of Pigs.

GI Bill Of Rights

Law Passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher education.

NASA

An independent agency of the United States government responsible for aviation and spaceflight.

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