8th Social Studies Ch. 19

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What is the name of the belief in the inherent superiority of a supposed Aryan race?

Nazism

What is the name of the system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and the needs of the whole are considered more important than those of the individual?

Communism

What is the name of a person granted absolute power?

Dictator

What is the name of the system of government characterized by dictatorship. centralized control of private enterprise and repression of all opposition?

Fascism

What is the name for a form of centralized government system in which a single party excercises absolute control over political economic, social and cultural life?

Totalitarianism

What is the name of the ideology and practices of the Nazy Party?

National Socialism

Who was the leader of the Soviet Union during World War II?

Josef Stalin

Who was the dictator of Italy during World War II?

Benito Mussolini

Who led Germany during World War II?

Adolf Hitler

Who was the Emperor of Japan during World War II?

Emperor Hirohito

What did Hitler do on September 1, 1939?

He invaded Poland

What was blitzkrieg?

the lightning war

Who declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939?

Britain and France

What happened in June 1940?

Italy invaded France

Who surrendered on June 22, 1940?

France surrendered

What began in July 1940?

Battle of Britain

How did the US first become involved with the war in March 1941?

Lend-lease enacted

What was the lend-lease policy?

it lended supplies to Britain (so that they could be returned by the end of the war)

What happened on December 7, 1941?

Japan bombed Pearl Harbor

What happened in July 1942?

Germany invaded the Soviet Union again

Who invaded Italy in August 1942?

Allied forces

What was the Normandy invasion?

Allied forces crossed the English Channel and landed on the French coastline

What happened on August 25, 1944, after fierce fighting?

Britain crossed the western border of Germany

When did allies move into Berlin?

April 1945

What happened on May 7, 1945?

Germany surrendered

Who drew many political cartoons of World War II?

Dr. Seuss

What was the type of advertisement used by the US government to encourage support for the war?

Propaganda

What happened to Japanese Americans after the US entered the war?

They were sent to internment camps

What happened to British children once the Battle of Britain began?

They were sent to farms out of the city for fear of bombs

After invading Manchuria, where else did Japan move into?

Austria

Why was this area desirable?

Natural Resources

Who was the only obstacle to Japanese ambitions in the Pacific?

United States

What happened in September 1940?

Japan joined the Axis Powers

Who made up the Axis Powers?

Italy, Germany, Japan

Who made up the Allies?

France, Great Britain, US

What did FDR do after Japan joined with the Axis Powers?

halted all trade with Japan

Who was the new Prime Minister of Japan?

Prime Minister Tojo

What did he favor?

WAR

Where did Japan attack in December 1941?

Pearl Harbor

What happened in June 1942?

Japan tried to take Midway Islands

Who won the Battle of Midway?

Allies

Where did American marines land in August 1942?

Guadalcanal

What did the American forces do in 1943 and 1944?

Island Hopped

What was island hopping?

cutting Japanese supply lines and capturing key islands

When did Allied forces land in the Phillipines?

October 1944

What did US invade in March 1945?

Iwo Jima

When did US invade Okinawa?

June 1945

What were kamikazes?

suicide bombers

Where was the first atomic bomb dropped?

Hiroshima

Where did Truman order the second bomb be dropped?

Nagasaki

When was the Japanese final surrender?

September 2, 1945

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