The Person who leads prayers
The Collective union of all Muslims
A messenger, a prophet sent by God with a Sharia "Divine Law"
The migration of Muhammad and his followers to Medina
A niche in the wall of a mosque, pointing to Mecca
The direction of the Kaaba in Mecca which Muslims turn to at prayer.
A man who calls Muslims to prayer from the minaret of a Mosque
One who submits
A collection of sayings from Muhammad
Traditional portion of Muslim law based on Muhammad's words or acts.
Belief in the oneness/uniqueness of Allah, with no equals or associates.
Closeness, one of the two opposite terms attributed to Allah
Distance/Transcendence, one of the two opposite terms attributed to Allah
The sin of idolatry or polytheism
Belief in the oneness of Allah, enjoying the good and forbidding the evil.
The Muslim profession of faith "there is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah"
Part of the Night Journey (first part, before he's taken by the Buraq)
"in the Name of Allah"
A chapter or section of the Koran
To do beautiful things (One of the three dimensions of Islamic religion)
Resurrection and the idea that man can discern good from evil. One of the three pillars of Islam
A special stage of existence that follows after death.
Islamic "religious tax"
Sawm is the fasting that occurs during the time of Ramadan
One unit of Islamic prayer
To call out or summon, to Beg from Allah
Prayer, one of the five pillars of Islam
Charity or alms given above and beyond the zakat
"Spoils of War", a Wajib on the profit or surplus of one's income after deducting annual expenditure
A pilgrimage to Mecca during Dhu'l Hijja
State of purity required prior to conducting a pilgrimage to Mecca
"Struggle for faith"
"Way, path or method", a school of Sufism
"Remembrance of God" devotional act typically involving the repetition of the names of Allah.
Members of a Sufi fraternity. They dance and whirl.
A religious movement within Sunni Islam (often used to describe Salafism), advocates the purging of Islam from impurities and innovations.
Egyptian group advocating for the removal of foreign influence.
Regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Muhammed, reject the first three Caliphs
"inner, mystical dimension of Islam"
Prophet of Islam
First wife of Muhammad
Only daughter of Muhammad
Cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad. Fourth Caliph
One of the first men to convert to Islam, closest friend of Muhammad. First successor of Muhammad. (First Caliph)
Second of the four Caliphs. Muslim empire grew rapidly under his authority
Third Caliph. Saw great expansion and was responsible for the compilation of the Qur'an into a unified text
Brother-in-law of Muhammad. An unpopular caliph.
Appointed caliph by his father Muawwya.
A martyr who refused to pledge allegiance to Yazid
A strong and influential opponent of Muhammad before accepting Islam later in his life. Chieftan of a powerful Quraish tribe.
Caliphate that overthrew the Umayyad Caliphate. Established their capital in Baghdad. Founded by the descendants of Muhammad's youngest uncle.
Second of the four major Caliphates. Captial was in Damascus
One of the largest and longest lasting empires in history. Captial in Constantinoples