Projecting a Greater France SQ2; pg. 49-54

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May 6, 1931

Opening date of the French Colonial Exhibition

Bois de Vincennes; Paris

France's Colonial Exhibition opened at __________ in _____

4 years

Time it took to prepare the French Colonial Exhibition

110 hectares

Scale of the exhibition

President Gaston Doumergue

This guy was driven to the exhibition, escorted by a squadron of colonial cavalry in full dress uniform

100

The motorcade was accompanied by a ___ gun salute

Brazil, Belgium, Denmark, United States, Italy, Netherlands, and Portugal

These countries all sent exhibits to the French Colonial Exhibition

Prince Lanza di Scalea

Mussolini's minister of colonies. Praised the "Homeric Odyssey of the white race... transforming, barbaric continents into civilised regions."

Paul Reynaud

France's minister of colonies

economic exploitation, military glory, religious crusade

What three things did people use to project the empire? (essentially the three G's)

The Right

Fixated on the recovery of Alsace-Lorraine (annexed by Germany). Attacked colonialism as a "millstone"

1870-1871

Years of the Franco-Prussian war

The Left

Denounced colonialism as a diversion from the class struggle

vital psychological moment

WWI was seen as this

taxes and recruits

During the war, these two things created a close bond between French people and the colonies

monopolistic

The war cemented this kind of mentality

Algerian invasion; Tunisia

The Colonial Exhibition marked the 100th anniversary of ______ and the 50th anniversary of the annexation of ________

110 million

What was the population of France at this time? (time of the Exhibition)

Marshal Hubert Lyautey

Who was in charge of the Colonial Exhibition project?

white; en brosse

Lyautey's moustache was ____ and his hair cut __ _______

Wall Street Crash in 1929

The economic necessity of empire was reinforced by the impact of what?

excite the popular imagination, stress the economic necessity of empire, and project France's civilizing mission

The Exhibition had to do these three things

beginning; gilded statue of France

The triumphal arch of the French Colonial Exhibition was found at the ______, followed by a ____________

the high-point

The majestic reconstruction of the Cambodian temple of Angkor Wat was considered...

weekends

Entry to the Colonial Exhibition was restricted to what?

aquarium, zoo, fairground, belly dancers, snake charmers, and native musicians

Visitors could find all these things in the Exhibition

24,762

Number of colonial troops from West Africa killed in WWI

stamp collection

This was released to coincide with the opening of the Exhibition

postcards, photographs and prints

Widely disseminated to stimulate popular interest (3 things)

L'Illustration

A monthly magazine that produced a special Exhibition edition

8 million

How many people passed through the turnstiles in the months following the opening of the Exhibition?

communists and surrealists

Two political groups who opposed the Exhibition

pink

In the 1920s and 1930s, every classroom had a map marking out the empire in this color

Jean Renoir, Michel Bemheim, and Pierre Colombier

Famous French filmmakers who used the empire as a colorful backdrop

Juilan Duvivier

French filmmaker who made the famous film, Pépé-le-Moko

1937

Year Pépé-le-Moko was released

Jean Gabin

Who played the gangster, sharp-suited Pépé?

Algiers casbah underworld

Pépé was king of what

Arab policeman Slimane

Who was Pépé's adversary in the movie?

noise and smell

These two elements of the casbah unhinge Pépé psychologically

suicide

How does Pépé's life end in the conclusion of the film?

labor for wages

According to the colonial authorities, work meant what?

42,000

How many forces labourers of the Ivory Coast were used to construct the Abidjan-Ferkessedegou railway line? (1921-1930)

16,000

How many forces labourers of the Ivory Coast were used in timber felling and plantation work?

127,250

How many were press-ganged into building the equatorial railway from Pointe Noire to Brazzaville? (1921-1932)

13,100

How many died from disease and undernourishment?

500; none

In Senegal, ___ Africans were involved in export-import in 1900. By 1930, there were ____

1/3; quadrupled

By 1939, ___ of exports went to the empire, whilst colonial investment had ______

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