Excellent sources of protein,_______include foods such as kidney beans, pinto beans, black beans, soybeans, lentils and chickpeas
Which of the following foods are rich sources of monounsaturated fatty acids?
Olive Oils and Cashew Nuts
Which of the following health problems has been associated with high intakes of fat replacers?
The type of vegetarian who eats vegetables, grains, fruits, eggs and milk but excludes all other types of animal protein is called a
The FDA currently requires food labels to clearly identify any ingredient containing protein derived from the eight major allergenic foods
A ______ fatty acid has hydrogen atoms located on the same side of the double bond in an unsaturated fatty acid
The electrically charged particle that assists in maintaining the body's fluid balance is called a/n ______
The pancreatic hormone______, and also glucagons, are responsible for maintaining blood glucose levels
Immeadiately after absorption, most of the fat soluble nutrients are carried through the _______ circulatory system
Egg Whites stiffen when they are whipped. The change that occurs in the protein is called _______
Which of the following health problems is NOT associated with high protein intake?
Sickle Cell anemia
Conduction of nerve signals and contraction of muscles depends on the proper balance of______
Inside each villus of the small intestine are capillaries and a small lymph vessel called a _______
Which of the following foods contain a large quantity of saturated fatty acids?
Palm kernel and coconut oils
People attempting to lose weight will be most successful if they limit their consumption of fat to less than 15 percent of kilocalories
Chemical bonds in which the amine group of one amino acid binds to the acid group of another amino acid are ________ bonds
How many grade of carbs (per day_ are recommended to prevent ketosis in healthy individuals (RDA)
The human body cannot make cholesterol, thus it is an essential nutrient we must consume in our diet in moderation.
A fatty acid that contains a chain of ten carbons and one double bond is termed a fatty acid?
Monunsaturated, medium chain
A painful sensation in the chest that results from gastric juices seeping back up into the esophagus is called
What dictates the structure of a protein molecule synthesized by the body?
The DNA inside the nucleus of the cell
Celiac disease is easy to diagnose, as its symptoms do not mimic any other intestinal disturbance
What is the order in which each of the organs of the GI tract will work to achieve this process?
Mouth-Esophagus-Stomach-Small Intestine-Large Intestine
What is the function of the bicarbonate that is released into the duodenum during the process of digestion?
To neutralize the acidic chyme
Often called the cells powerhouse, the ribosome produces the energy molecule ATP from basic food components
The process of transferring the amine group from one amino acid to another is called _________
Two amino acids are joined together by a peptide bond to form a dipeptide. What is the by product of this process?
Once food is swallowed, a tiny flap of tissue called the _______keeps it from entering the trachea
Protein _______ involves both the synthesis of new proteins and the breakdown of existing proteins to provide amino acids for building new proteins
The term that describes a fatty acid containing one double bond between two carbon atoms along the chain is ___________
Which of the following is not on of the foods that contains protein derived from one of the major allergenic foods?
The widespread inflammatory reaction caused by eating a food to which one is allergic can result in an anaphylactic shock that, left untreated, is nearly always fatal
A diet high in simple sugars has been show to increase both triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood?
Tight rings of muscles that control the movement of food through the organs of the gastrointestinal tract are
Individuals with celiac disease must eat gluten free foods, which can be made from
Rice and Potato Flour
A proteins ________ structure refers to the twisting, spiral shape formed by the sequence and chemical properties of its amino acids
Cells are the smallest functional units of life that can grow, reproduce and perform basic functions
The lining of the small intestine is smooth and flat, allowing for increased transit time of food material?
A/n _______ food is one in which nutrients are added that did not originally exist in that food
The essential amino acid found in the shortest supply or missing from the amino acid pool is called a/n ________ amino acid
Under normal physiological conditions, every cell of the body is capable of making each type of protein needed by the body
Many lactose intolerant people can digest aged cheese and yogurt with live, active cultures without any gastrointestinal side effects
Which of the following is most likely to be in positive nitrogen balance?
A 29 year old woman who is 6 months pregnant
The insoluble fiber that provides the main structural component of plant cell walls is _________
To facilitate the digestion of dietary fats, the gallbladder stores and releases a substance known as ________
Diets high in _______ and trans fatty acids contribute to chronic diseases, including heart disease and cancer
The primary function of mucus in the stomach is to
Protect the stomach cells from gastric juices (HCI)
Irritable Bowl Syndome (IBS) always manifests itself by diarrhea, bloating and abdominal cramps
The cell membrane is selectively permeable, allowing only some compounds to enter and leave the cell
What is the cephalic phase?
Earliest phase of digestion when the brain prepares the body in anticipation of food
Combining two incomplete proteins to make a complete protein is called ___________ supplementation
Individuals with the disease phenylketonuria (PKU) should not consume the artificial sweetener aspartame, Why?
People with PKU cannot metabolize the amino acid phenylalanine
Secreted from many glands of the body, _______ are chemical messengers that trigger a physiological response
During the process of photosynthesis, _____________ is the step in which messenger RNA is decoded into an amino acid sequence at the cells ribosome
Ketones are produced for energy when fat is broken down because ______ intake is sufficient
The Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) for fat is ________ of total energy intake
The term that describes a fatty acid containing one double bond between two carbon atoms along the chain is ________
All of the following would be recommended for the treatment of GERD except
Eating 2 large meals a day
Which of the following statements is true about trans fatty acids?
They are created during hydrogenation process
Which of the following is a rich source of omega-6 fatty acids?
Margarine made from corn of safflower oil
A type of protein energy malnutrition that results from a short term deficiency of protein is ____________
Which of the following statements is false?
HCI inhibits the digestion of fat so it does not compete with protein digestion
Which artificial sweetener was almost banned because of a proposed relationship with bladder cancer in experimental animals?
Even if the Nutrition Facts panel states 0g trans fats, the product could still have 1/2g of trans fat per serving
The term ___________ refers to the production of new glucose from the breakdown of protein
A lack of fiber in the diet can lead to sacs or pouches that protrude from the wall of the large intestine in the disease called
What part of gastric juices in the stomach kills bacteria and germs you may have consumed?
Carb digestion ceases in the stomach because the pH of the stomach inactivates salivary amylase
Meat is not a good dietary source of glycogen. Why?
Most of the glycogen found in meat is broken down when the animal is slaughtered
Which would not be good advice to increase the fiber content of her diet?
Add additional fiber by taking fiber supplements each day
Consuming individual amino acids and protein supplements can build muscle and improve strength
A ______ is a spherical compound made up of bile and phospholipids that prepares dietary fat for absorption
The process through which mRNA copies genetic information from DNA and carries it to the ribosome is called
In the stomach, HCI converts the inactive enzyme ___________ into its active form pepsin to facilitate the breakdown of proteins
Responding to the presence of protein and fat in our meal, cholecystokinin (CCK) signals the gallbladder to release a substance called
Women who are pregnant or __________ are at higher risk of developing harmful effects from environmental contaminates in some fish
The enzyme that frees fatty acids from circulating lipoproteins so that they can be taken up by the cell is _______ lipase
Assuming the calories and relative sizes are similar which of the following snack will have the highest satiety value?
Piece of cheese
Which of the following best describes the glycemic index?
The extent to which a given food raises blood glucose and insulin
A ______ is a body protein that is stored in a gland and secreted to an organ to restore normal body conditions of balance
A deficiency of protein can lead to a condition called _______ in which fluid accumulates in the body's tissue spaces
A/n ______ food is one in which nutrients are added that did not originally exist in that food.
Which of the following are substances in plant foods that are not absorbed by the body?
A condition marked by blood glucose levels that are below normal fasting levels is ___________