A consequence of devoting limited time, energy, or materials to one structure, function, or behavior at the expence of another
The division of limited time, energy, or materials among competing functions or requiremtnts
A growth pattern in which an individual continues to grow only until it reaches maturity
A growth pattern in which an individual continues to grow, usually at a decreasign rate, after maturity.
Reducing the risk of mortality or reproductive failure in a variable environment by adopting an intermediate strategy or several alternative strategies simultaneously, or by spreading on's risk over time and space
Gradual deterioration of physiological function with age, leading to increased probability of death, aging.
A physiologically inactive state, such as hibernation, diapause or seed dormany, usually assuemd when conditions do not allow the organism to function normally
Temporary interruption of development or physiological function, usually associated with a period of unfavorable environmental conditions
An aspected of the environment that the organism uses as a cue for behavior, but which does not directly affect the organism's fitness
A theoretical concept that seeks to explain foraging behavior in terms of the fitness costs and benefits of each possible alternatvie behavior
central place foraging
foraging behavior in which acquired food is brought to a central place, such as a nest with young