← Modern Japan and Korea Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All Kojiki "The record of ancient matters" a collection of Japanese narratives, including myths of the origin of the world and Japan The Tale of Genji First Japanese novel written during the Tang Dynasty. It's about court intrigue, life, and manners. Kofun Period 250 CE - 600 CE; the period of the great keyhold tombs. They have keyhole-shaped entrances. Little is known about the content of the tombs because Japan is embarrassed to be associated with Korea. Oldest period of recorded history in Japan. Uji Japanese clans with extended families. Soga Clan was one of the most powerful clans in Yamato Japan and played a major role in the spread of Buddhism in that country from Korea; from the 400's through the 600's Prince Shotuku wrote 17 Article constitution that laid out the foundation of the new Dynasty in Japan. (for the Yamato period) Nara Period 710-794 CE. Chinese style culture. Capitol of Nara symmetrical, similar to Buddhism. Famous storehouse. Miyabi and Aware Miyabi:"elegance," The polishing of manners by abolishing things that were vulgar. Aware: "The Pathos of Things," The Awareness of impermanence, appreciation of beauty and sadness for their passing. Shingon Sect Popular branch of Buddhism. In it, the person tries to receive a 'secret message' from the master. Pure Land Buddhism The most popular branch of Buddhism in Japan and the easiest. A denomination of Buddhism that taught that believers would be reborn in a blissful, pure land or paradise. Filial Piety the duty of family members to subordinate their needs and desires to those of the male head of the family, a concept important in Confucianism Samurai a Japanese warrior who was a member of the feudal military aristocracy. Elite class. Hogen Rebellion Dispute over imperial succession waged in Kyoto (1156) Daimyo Powerful military land lords in feudal Japan Kamikaze Divine wind. It refers to the typhoon that the Japanese believed aided them in keeping the Mongols from taking over Japan in 1274 and 1281. Japanese Feudalism governed by a shogunate. emperor (symbolic leader) --> shogun (military/ actual leader) --> sammurai (warriors) Sengoku Era period of Civil War in feudal Japan; war between the shoguns Oda Nobugana First of the so called Unifiers of Japan.Got his start by paying masterless samurai to obey him. Toyotomi Hideyoshi 2nd Conqueror after Nobugana. Declared himself overlord of Japan, claimed he was a descent from the sun god. Rebuilt buildings that Nobugana destroyed. Issued a massive land survey: "marked the beginning of the efforts to quantify lanholdings and estimate tax revenues." Placed restrictions on the samurai and the commoners ownership of swords. Invaded Korea in 1592 with the ultimate purpose of conquering China, but had to retreat due to lack of food; but did devastate Korea and captured Soeul. Sankin Kotai System Japanese) System of living where the Daimyos send family members to the capital (Edo), but collects taxes from family. Battle of Sekigahara October 21st, 1600. Considered to be the unofficial beginning of the Tokugawa dynasty. Yangban Korean aristocratic classes Genroku Era In Japan from 1688 to 1704. Largely considered the Golden Age of the Edo era. Burakumin ethnically japanese, social outcasts and generally live in segregated communities Hayashi Razan Philosopher who "formulated the Tokugawa ideology in neo-Confucian terms that saw the social order as a reflection of the visible natural order in that both realized an underlying metaphysical principle." (What the book says) He also wrote about the Three Views of Japan (three snazzy landmarks in Japan), founded the Hayashi Clan, and created the class system that Dr. Kim talks about constantly (Samurai, farmers, artisans, and merchants. Yamaga Soko A student of Razan. He is famous for defining a way for the samurai to survive during a time of peace. Kokugaku (1700s) "Native studies."Focus on Japanese (Shinto) texts, rather than Chinese/Confucian/Buddhist texts. Involved in collapse of Tokugawa/Meiji Restoration. Motoori Norinaga Purified the religion of all buddhist and other religion elements. He is shintos most admired figure. The Ukiyo Japanese paintings or wood block prints. Kabuki A popular type of Japanese drama combined with music and dance, it is the type of theatre in Japan (Played buy all female actors) Ihara Saikaku One of the Tokugawa era's best fiction writers. (Japanese) Seppuku Ritual suicide of a samurai; disembowelment. King Sejong The fourth king of the Choson dynasty, his greatest accomplishment was creating hangul, the korean alphabet. Sadae Odeology Literally means 'to serve the great.' It was the political and philosophical system in which Korea paid tribute to China during the Choson dynasty. Fukoku Kyohei (= rich nation, strong army) phrase symbolizing Japan's desire to catch up economically and militarily with the West Sonno joi Japanese Political philosophy that stands for "Revere the emperor, Expel the Barbarians", used by those who sought to overthrow the shogunate and reinstate the emperor as the central figure of power during the Bakamatsu. Dutch Learning The dutch continued to influence japan though deshima/nagasaki. japan's only way to keep tabs on european scientific process. Meiji Revolution -Tokugawa Shogunate steps down, Emperor Meiji steps up -Sends delegates around the world (US, UK Germany, etc.) -Encourages rail roads, factories, army-building -Old ways crushed (Feudalism, samurai, etc.) Shinto A native Japanese religion whose followers believe that all things in the natural world are filled with divine spirits (Kamis). Turtle Ship Korean war ships that were armored. A small fleet of them were able to defeat Hideyoshi's (Japanese) navy. Four Noble Truth Buddha develops his four truths after reaching enlightenment. These are the Four Noble Truths: 1. Life is suffering 2. Suffering comes because of human desire 3. Desire, however, can be ended 4. Stop desire through eight fold path. Hangul Korean phonetic alphabet. Mahayana Buddhism Also known as popular Buddhism, is allows people more ways to reach enlightenment and boddhisatvas can help you reach enlightenment. Mahayana Buddhism emphasizes the compassionate Buddha. Mahayana Buddhism is also the most popular form of Buddhism in Japan.