World Music ch 2 and 3

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Which of the following is a generalization about African music-culture?

African music welcomes participation by everyone.

The Western scholars of African music, Koetting and Locke, thought the sounds the postal workers created:

sounded like music.

The political structure of the Ewe:

grows out of territorial divisions headed by a chief.

Agbekor originally functioned as:

war drumming.

Which of the following is not a function of the jalolu (griots) of Mande?

patrons for merchants

Where do the Mande live?

western Africa

Abubakari Lunna, the drummer of Dagbon, received his musical training through:

a master-apprenticeship process.

The mbira is a(n):

idiophone.

Thomas Mapfumo's chimurenga music, "Be Ashamed":

is a praise song for warriors.

Which of the following is a dangerous distortion of the Forest People?

primitive savage

Mahgrib

One of two broad zones in the African continent. North of the Sahara Desert.

Sub-Saharan Africa

One of two broad zones in the African continent. Lies south of the Sahara.

Agbekor

War Dance of Ewe People

Atamuga

Oath taken by youth during Agbekor war dance to swear they'll be brave at war.

Ado

Short introduction only singing and dancing, then drums enter

Anlo

Group of Ewe people from famous oral tradition that escaped from a king and settled at the mouth of the Volta River. Means "cramped". Ghana.

Ewedome

Group of Ewe people that live in northern, inland Ghana.

Mawu

The Ewe supreme being. (God).

Se

Lesser God than Mawu, but still a divinity. Se is destiny and the maker and keeper of human souls.

Atsia

Dance and drum compositions used in Agbekor, means to show off or display.

Vutsotsoe

Fast drumming in Agebkor performed after Adzo.

Adzokpi

"Solos" dancing portion in the Agebkor.

Libation

Water and liquor that the elders poured on the earth to call the ancestors during the Agebkor.

Vulolo

Slow drumming. Processional section of Agekbor.

Gankogui

Ewe iron bell or gong.

Four-feel

Meter most significant to Ewe performers.

Ternary beat

Each beat in the four-feel meter has 3 quicker units within. (12/8)

Axatse

Ewe dried gourd covered with a net and strung with seeds.

Kaganu, Kidi, Kloboto, Totodzi

Ewe drums in descending order of relative pitch.

Lunsi

Performers that are members of a hereditary clan of drummers.

Gung-gong

A drum the Lunsi use. Cylindrical carved with a snare on each of its 2 heads.

Lunga

Lunsi drum made of cedarwood carved into an hourglass shape.

Salima

Praise name dances

"Nag Biegu"

Salima which means ferocious wild bull and praises Naa Abudu (King of Dagbon in late 1800s) bc he defeated an enemy leader in a fight.

Mbira

Thumb piano used by Shona people. Positive symbol of cultural identity for those that lost faith in ancestors during Rhodesia.

Rhodesia

Time period in which the British settlers took over Shonas land and economy.

Chimurenga War

War of liberation that birthday modern Zimbabwe. (Shona)

Spirit Mediums

Leaders in war against white privilege.

Mapira

Ritual where the Shona spirits take over the living.

Hosho

Gourd rattles used by Shonas.

Nhemamusasa

Shona war song that means cutting branches that was played for Chaminuka. When marching to war, theyd cut branches and make a tent shelter called a musasa.

Chaminuka

Powerful Shona spirit that protects entire Shona nation.

Mbira Dzavadzimu

Shona musical pieces with 2 interlocking parts; Kushuara( primary) and Kitsinhira (interwoven second part).

Chimurenga

Music about the war of Rhodesia and rallied support for the cause.

"Nyarai"

Shona praise song recorded after government came to power in Zimbabwe.

Forest people, or Pygmies

BaAke people.

3 distinct styles of Shona music

Mahonyera(vocables), Kudeketera(poetry), and Huro(yodeling)

Eboka

BaAka performance event.

Mabo

BaAka type of dance and music associated with net hunting.

Jalou

Performers of the Mande ethnic tradition.

Horon

Mande descendents of the freeborn.

Jong

Mande slave descendent.

Nyamalo

Mande craft specialist among the horon.

Sula

Mande non-specialists, patrons of Jalolu.

Who is responsible for introducing world music to America?

Mantle Hood, UCLA, 1961.

The study of music in its socio-cultual context, in which equal attention is paid to musical sound, idea and musical behavior is known as

Ethnomusicology

Enculturation means

A process of imbibing a culture throughout ones life.

The Navajo word Ndaa stands for

The collective name of popular war songs and dances.

Nightway

Yeibichai, healing, ancestors, mask dancing and impersonation, 9 nights and healed on last night by dance, purification by sweat and vomit, prayer, and sand painting.

Enemyway

Shizahnee, I am in luck. Hozoo, curing from war or away, stick receivers, courtship, gifts, 4 days.

Hozhoo

Navajos harmony with Nature.

Sioux Grass Dance

War dance, Omaha, Grass=slain enemies, idiophones (rattles and drums).

Agbekor

Ewe war dance, youth takes bravery oath, elders pour libation to call ancestors.

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