Weeks VS US
selling/distributing lottery tickets through the mail, searched Weeks w/out warrant. SC-> search was illegal. Exclusionary rule was created
cannot use illegally obtained evidence in federal courts
Mapp Vs Ohio
police looking for a "bombing suspect", finds porn instead. Convicted in Ohio courts. SC->extended exculsionary rule to state courts. Includes 14th am.
Olmstead Vs US
bootlegger; fed. officals placed wire tap on phone lines (not inside the apartment) No warrant. SC-> no warrant is needed to wiretap outside of house.
Katz Vs US
gambling through phone lines. SC-> reasonable expectation of privacy on phones= warrant needed
T.L.O Vs New Jersey
denied breaking rule in HS, vp searches bag finds drugs, suspended and charged. SC-> supported school's position, "reasonable suspicion". No warrant is needed. in loco parentis-in place of parents.
Safford United School District Vs Redding
prinicpal had reasonable suspicion-searched, nurse then stripped searched the student. SC-> students cannot be stripped searched.
Acton Vs Vernonia School District
wanted to play jr high football, refused mandatory drug testing. SC-> student athletes have lower standards for drug testing-allowed to drug test.
Michigan State Police Vs Sitz
policie set up random DUI checkpoints. SC-> it is legal, for protection of lives, public roads.
Escobedo Vs Illinois
police arrested, held, questioned-asked for lawyer and denied by police. SC-> right to see lawyer part of 6th am. right and didnt have to respond to questions 5th am.
Miranda Vs Arizona
confesses to crimes, lawyer appealled 5th/6th am. rights violated. SC-> all suspects must be told 5th and 6th am. rights
Gideon Vs Wainwright
denied access to lawyer for question/trial. SC-> 6th am. guarantees the right to counsel, states are responsible in all criminal cases.
Massachusetts Vs Sheppard
judge gives "wrong" warrant for a search but filled it in for the right search. SC-> "good faith exception" for police
Good Faith Exception
allows for police to get off as long as the intent was correct and procedures were followed.
Furman Vs Georgia
convicted of murder, judge sentenced Furman to death, procedural and substantive due process. SC-> death penalty, on how applied, was cruel and unusual.
Gregg Vs Georgia
2 counts of murder, new process in GA-jury guilty/not and punishment. SC-> not unconstitutional, due process protections guaranteed.
Bakke Vs UCal- Davis Board of Regents
strict quota systems-30% minority/women, sues for discrimination based on affirmative action. SC-> cannot use strict quota system but can use affirmative action.
Gratz/Gruffer Vs Bollinger
Uni. Michigan-strict point system. SC-> using race as a factor is okay as long as there are no strict guidelines(point system)