Solubility rules, strong asics and bases

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40 terms

Group I Cations

soluble

NH4+

soluble

C2H3O2-

soluble

NO3-

soluble

Cl-

soluble (Ag+ Pb2+ Hg2 2+)

Br-

soluble (Ag+ Pb2+ Hg2 2+)

I-

soluble (Ag+ Pb2+ Hg2 2+)

SO4 2-

soluble ( Pb2+ Hg2 2+ Ba2+ Sr2+)

CO3 2-

Insoluble (Group 1 cations NH4+)

PO4 3-

Insoluble (Group 1 cations NH4+)

SO3 2-

Insoluble (Group 1 cations NH4+)

OH-

Insoluble (Group 1 cations NH4+ Ca2+ Sr2+ Ba2+)

S2-

Insoluble (Group 1 cations NH4+ Ca2+ Sr2+ Ba2+)

O2-

Insoluble (Group 1 cations NH4+ Ca2+ Sr2+ Ba2+)

Strong Acids

perchloric acid, sulfuric acid, hydroiodic acid, hydrobromic acid, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid

Strong Bases

lithium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, strontium hydroxide, barium hydroxide

John Dalton

developed Billiard ball model of the atom and proposed definitions of Element, Compound, and Reaction

Ernest Rutherford

discovered the existance of the nucleus (credited with the proton); developed the nuclear model of the atom. Gold foil experiment

JJ Thompson

discovered the existance of (-) minus charged particles (electrons) that are smaller that atoms; determined the ratio of their mass/charge; developed the PLUM PUDDING model of the atom. Cathode ray tube experiment

Millikan

oil drop experiment; smallest unit of charge -1.609x10^-19 C

Atomic Mass

(percent abundance)x(isotopic mass)

Chromate

CrO4 -

Dichromate

Cr2O7 2-

Hydrogen phosphate

HPO4 2-

Dihydrogen phospate

H2PO4 -

Ammonium

NH4 +

Hydrogen carbonate (bicarbonate)

HCO3 -

Hydrogen sulfite

HSO3 -

Hydrogen sulfate

HSO4 -

Hypochlorite

ClO -

chlorite

ClO2 -

chlorate

ClO3 -

perchlorate

ClO4 -

Copper ions

+2+3

Chromium ions

+2+3

Iron ions

+2 +3

Colbalt ions

+2 +3

Mercury ions

(mercury II) Hg 2+; (mercury I) Hg2 2+

Antimony ion

+2 +4

Lead ions

+2 +4

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