Grammar - Types of Phrases

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Different types of phrases

phrase

a group of related words used as a single part of speech, noun, adjective, and adverb, and does not contain a subject and its verb

prepositional phrase

a group of related words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun (o.p), contains all modifiers of the o.p.

adjective phrase

a prepositional phrase that describes a noun or pronoun

adverb phrase

a prepositional phrase that describes a verb, adjective, or another adverb

verbal

a verb form used as another part of speech; noun, adjective, adverb

participle

a verb form that ends in -ing, -ed, -d, -t, or -n and used as an adjective

gerund

a verb form that ends in -ing and is used as a noun

infinitive

a verb form usually beginning with (to) and used as a noun, adjective, or adverb

appositive

a noun or pronoun that usually follows the noun or pronoun that it explains, identifies, or refers to

participle phrase

a verbal phrase which contains a participle and all of its complements and modifiers

gerund phrase

a verbal phrase which contains a gerund and all of its complements and modifiers. It can be used as a s., d.o., i.o., p.n., o.p

infinitive phrase

a verbal phrase which contains an infinitive and all of its complements and modifiers

infinitive clause

consists of an infinitive with a subject and all complements and modifiers of the infinitive. The entire clause is used as a noun

appositive phrase

a phrase that contains a noun or pronoun with its modifiers and usually following another noun or pronoun

verbal phrase

contains a verbal and all of its complements and modifiers

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