American History Chapter 22/23

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Harding

Who was the president during the "return to normalcy?"

because they had 2 revolutions going on

Why did Russia drop out of WW1?

March 1917 when the Russian gov't overthrew Czar Nicholas 2

When was Russia's first revolution?

the middle/upper class people

Who took over Russia when Czar Nicholas2 was overthrown?

October 1917 the Bolshevik Revolution when Lenin wanted to turn Russia into communist

When was Russia's second revolution?

Bolshevik

What was the name of Lenin's party?

1868 Karl Marx who talks about how Russia should have been communist all along

Who wrote the "Communist Manifesto" and what was it about?

capitalist!

Is U.S. communist or capitalist?

a system where people are supposed to work their way to top not have money handed to them

What is capitalism?

"community" where there are no classes where all humans are equal and have the same rights and lifestyles

What is communism?

No, most people wanted the change

Was there a lot of bloodshed during the Bolshevik Revolution?

red

What is the color of revolution?

unemployment, racial riots, labor unrest, and violence

What are 4 things that happened during the Red Scare?

all the soldiers were coming home and many were unable to get their jobs back because many blacks had come up from the South and they weren't going to give them up now

Why was unemployment so high after WW1?

bombs that people would send to wealthy business owners who don't even open their own mail...

What were "letter bombs"?

stock market

What was the home base of capitalism?

fear of foreigners

What is xenophobia?

attorney general A. Mitchell Palmer

Who was a major spreader of xenophobia?

Sacco and Vanzetti

Who were the 2 Italian immigrants who were wrongly accused of robbing a shoe factory?

Hemingway
Scott Fitzgerald
TS Eliott

Who were 3 disillusioned writers during this time that left for Paris?

prohibition amendment
no buying or selling alcohol in the U.S.

What is stated in the 18th amendment?

suffrage amendment
gave women rights

What is stated in the 19th amendment?

bootleg whiskey

"homemade liquor"

Warren Harding from Ohio

Who was elected as president after Wilson?

he had a secret tunnel built to smuggle in mistresses

What did Harding have built on to the White House?

Bureau of Budget which created the "watchdog" of where our tax money goes

What was one of Harding's major accomplishments during his presidency?

Washington Conference

What was the first successful disarmament conference in history?

to cut down on amount of weapons each country had

What was the point of the Washington Conference?

Harding's friends who were ripping off the gov't

What was the "Ohio Gang"?

Teapot Dome scandal

What famous scandal broke out shortly after Harding dies?

Secretary of Interior Albert Fall

Who takes the fall for the Teapot Dome scandal?

doing nothing

What was Calvin Coolidge famous for?

"Silent Cal"

What was Coolidge's nickname?

he believed the constitution didn't want the president to do anything

Why was Calvin Coolidge so quiet?

"the business of America is business"

What was Coolidge's motto?

Coolidge

Who was elected in 1924 as prez?

he was too tired to run

Why didn't Coolidge want to run in 1928?

Herbert Hoover

Who did the Republicans choose to run after Coolidge?

he was Catholic and "wet" anti-prohibition

What was 2 problems with the candidate Al Smith?

Al Smith

Who was known as the "happy warrior"?

refrigerator
vacuum cleaner
washing machine
having news on the radio

Name some inventions that came out during the Jazz Age?

Harding getting elected in 1920 KDKA Pittsburgh

What was the first election ever covered on the radio?

Jazz

What was the first American music?

short hair
tons of makeup
dress showing arms, shoulders, legs, upper chest
no corset

Describe a flapper girl

Charles Lindbergh

Who was the first American celebrity?

flying solo to Paris and back 33 and a half hours

Why what Lindbergh famous for?

Ford

Who invents the assembly line?

Model T

What was the first car out?

after cars began coming out

When does credit come along?

debt

what followed credit?

Black Tuesday
october 29. 1929

What was the date of the stock market crash?

JP Morgan

Which well known business man tries to get the stock market up and running again?

because the average american had bought all they really needed

Why did the stock market crash?

they left for Europe

What did the rich folk do after the stock market crash?

he gives up his salary
he ask charities to help
gave farmers loans
gave inspirational speeches

What are some ways Hoover tries to help Americans during the Depression?

they never regulated businesses

What was a mistake that the 1920's presidents all made?

Hoover

Who takes most of the blame for the Depression?

in his speeches he said he was willing to try anything

Why did so many Americans like FDR?

Kellogg-Briand Pact

What Pact was created to try to keep the peace between countries and not go to war?

Japan

What country breaks the Kellogg-Briand Pact?

Manchuria

Who did Japan attack breaking the Kellogg-Briand Pact?

because they needed raw material to produce things which Manchuria was full of

Why did Japan attack Manchuria?

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

What was the name of the plan Japan announced saying they would take over Asia?

Polio

What illness did FDR live with?

lynching

to execute someone illegally by hanging, burning, or other means

Bolshevik

a member of the group within the Social Democratic Party in Russia

alien

a citizen of a foreign country

booboisie

a section of the public that consisted of uneducated people

speakeasy

an illegal bar during prohibition

real income

the actual purchasing power of a person's income, rather than just the dollar amount

stock

shares of ownership in a corporation

speculate

to gamble by buying or selling something

depression

a long and severe decline in economic activity

Hoovervilles

the shantytowns built of cartons and wood scraps during the Great Depression

default

failure to pay a loan, mortgage, or other debt when it is due

belligerent

nations fighting a war, usually after a declaration of war

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