Biology Terms

Created by ProfKersplat 

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16 terms

Producer

an organism that makes its own food using the energy of the sun

consumer

organisms that obtain food by eating other organisms

decomposer

organism that breaks down and obtains energy from dead organic matter

scavenger

a carnivore that feeds on the bodies of dead organisms

food chain

a series of steps in which organisms transfer energy by eating and being eaten

food web

a diagram that shows the feeding relationships between organisms in an ecosystem

herbivore

organism that obtains energy by eating only plants

omnivore

an animal that feeds on both animal and vegetable substances

carnivore

Meat eater

photosynthesis

process by which plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars

chlorophyll

green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to carry out photosynthesis

biology

the science that studies living organisms

ecosystem

living and nonliving things in an environment, together with their interactions

community

a group of organisms living in the same region and interacting with each other

population

a group of organisms of the same species populating a given area

niche

The role of an organism in an ecosystem

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