Constricted region in a eukaryotic chromosone where sister chromatids are attached.
A structure that consists of DNA and associated proteins; carries part or all of a cell's genetic information.
Type of protein that structurally organizes eukaryotic chromosomes.
A length of DNA wound around a spool of histone proteins.
One of two attached members of a duplicated eukaryotic chromosome.
Any chromosome other than a sex chromosome.
The sum of all chromosomes in a cell of a given type.
Having two of each type of chromosome characteristic of the species (2n).
Image of an individual's complement of chromosomes arrange by size, length, shape, and centromere location.
Monomer of nucleic acids; has five-carbon sugar, nitrogen-containing base, and phosphate groups.
Member of a pair of chromosomes that differs between males and females.
Enzyme that seals breaks or gaps in double-stranded DNA.
DNA replication enzyme. Assembles a new strand of DNA based on the sequence of a DNA template.
DNA repair mechanism
Any of several processes by which enzymes repair damaged DNA.
Process by which a cell duplicates its DNA before it divides.
The order of nucleotide bases in a strand of DNA
Permanent change in DNA sequence.
Technology that produces genetically identical individuals.
somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT)
Method of reproductive cloning in which genetic material is transferred from an adult somatic cell into an unfertilized, enucleated egg.
Using SCNT to product human embryos for research.