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Adolph Hitler

leader of the fascist National Socialist German Workers' Party (known as Nazis) in Germany called Der Fuhrer...the leader

Nationalist Socialists

Nazis. (NC)

Nazis

German political party joined by Adolf Hitler, emphasizing nationalism, racism, and war. When Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933, the Nazi Party became the only legal party and an instrument of Hitler's absolute rule

Fascism

a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition

Dictator

A ruler who has complete power over a country

Benito Mussolini

head of the Italian Fascist party. Mussolini was known as El Duce and was leader of Italy, the first Fascist regime, during World War II.

Racism

the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races

Joseph Stalin

Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)

Winston Churchill

A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.

Axis Powers

in World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in 1936.

Allied Powers

France, Britain, USSR, United States, and China as well as 45 other countries that opposed the Axis powers in World War II

isolationism

a national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs

Nationalism

the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other

Franklin Roosevelt

the 32nd president of the United States. He was president from 1933 until his death in 1945 during both the Great Depression and World War II. He is the only president to have been elected 4 times, a feat no longer permissible due to the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution.

Pearl Harbor

United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.

homefront

the places where civilians are active when their country is at war.

mobilize

To prepare for war

draft

A law requiring people of a certain age to serve in the military

Rosie the Riveter

symbol of American women who went to work in factories during the war

newsreel

a short film and commentary about current events

internment camp

camp for political prisoners or prisoners of war

D-Day

Planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris

Normandy

where the Allies land on June 6, 1944, D-Day

Dwight D. Eisenhower

leader of the Allied forces in Europe during WW2--leader of troops in Africa and commander in DDay invasion-elected president-president during integration of Little Rock Central High School

V-E Day

May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered

aircraft carrier

a large warship that carries planes and has a long flat deck for take-offs and landings

Battle of Midway

naval battle of World War II (June 1942)

Navajo Code Talkers

Navajo soldiers in the Pacific used their own language as a code for sending vital messages. Hard to understand.

Harry Truman

elected Vice President in Roosevelt's 4th term

Atomic Bomb

bomb dropped by an American bomber on Hiroshima and Nagasaki destroying both cities

Hiroito

emperor who ruled for the longest time peroid ruled during

Nagasaki

a city in southern Japan on Kyushu

V-J Day

"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945

Concentration Camp

a camp where prisoners of war, political prisoners, or members of minority groups are confined, typically under harsh conditions

Holocaust

the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler

Capitalism

an economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, esp. as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth.

Market Ecomony

a system where business owners and customer make decisions about what to make, sell and buy

Communism

a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership

Iron Curtain

a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries

Berlin Aircraft

operation that moved supplies into West Berlin by American and British planes during a Soviet blockade in 1948-1949

Berlin Wall

a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West

Arms Race

a competition between nations to have the most powerful armaments

Nuclear War

a war in which powerful nuclear weapons are used.

United Nations (UN)

an organization of the world's countries that promotes peace and security around the globe

Joseph McCarthy

United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists

Douglass McArthur

He was the supreme allied commander during the Cold War in 1945. After World War II, MacArthur was put in charge of putting Japan back together. In the Korean War, he commanded the United Nations troops. He was later fired by Harry Truman for insubordination.

Korean War

The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.

Fidel Castro

Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)

John F. Kennedy

president during part of the cold war and especially during the superpower rivalry and the cuban missile crisis. he was the president who went on tv and told the public about hte crisis and allowed the leader of the soviet uinon to withdraw their missiles. other events, which were during his terms was the building of the berlin wall, the space race, and early events of the Vietnamese war.

Cuban Missle Crisis

The Soviet Union was secretly building nuclear missile launch sites in Cuba, which could have been used for a sneak-attack on the U.S. The U.S. blockaded Cuba until the U.S.S.R. agreed to dismantle the missile silos.

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