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Flashcards for Gia's test Friday.


A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art


Address to an absent or imaginary person


The repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words


Harsh, awkward, or dissonant sounds used deliberately in poetry or prose


A pause or break within a line of poetry


A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects


Repetition of consonant sounds


Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme


The point where a poet breaks a sentence into the next line


A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

Iambic Pentameter

A poetic meter that is made up of 5 stressed syllables each followed by an unstressed syllable


The use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, thing, place, or experience


The use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning

Lexical Repetition

Unrhymed end-words which must occur in every stanza but in a changing order that follow a set pattern


figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that does not use "like" or "as"


A rhythmic group of eight lines of verse


Gives inanimate objects human qualities


A humorous play on words


A stanza or poem of four lines, usually with alternate rhymes


A rhythmic group of six lines of verse


A figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds that uses "like" or "as"


The grammatical structure of prose and poetry.


A verse line having four metrical feet

Trochee (Trochaic Foot)

A metrical unit with stressed-stressed-unstressed syllables


A statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said


Poem consisting of six stanzas: five tercets and a quatrain; first and third line are repeated throughout

Elizabethan (Shakespearean) Sonnet

3 quatrains and a couplet in iambic pentameter, rhyming abab cdcd efef gg.

Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet

A sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern ABBAABBA, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern CDECDE or CDCDCD


6 sestets ending with tercet; last words of each line in 1st stanza are repeated as last words in following stanzas

Free Verse

Unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern

Blank Verse

Unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)

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