AP Lit Poetry Test

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31 terms · Flashcards for Gia's test Friday.

Allusion

A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art

Apostrophe

Address to an absent or imaginary person

Assonance

The repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words

Cacophony

Harsh, awkward, or dissonant sounds used deliberately in poetry or prose

Caesura

A pause or break within a line of poetry

Conceit

A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects

Consonance

Repetition of consonant sounds

Couplet

Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme

Enjambment

The point where a poet breaks a sentence into the next line

Hyperbole

A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

Iambic Pentameter

A poetic meter that is made up of 5 stressed syllables each followed by an unstressed syllable

Imagery

The use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, thing, place, or experience

Irony

The use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning

Lexical Repetition

Unrhymed end-words which must occur in every stanza but in a changing order that follow a set pattern

Metaphor

figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that does not use "like" or "as"

Octave

A rhythmic group of eight lines of verse

Personification

Gives inanimate objects human qualities

Pun

A humorous play on words

Quatrian

A stanza or poem of four lines, usually with alternate rhymes

Sestet

A rhythmic group of six lines of verse

Simile

A figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds that uses "like" or "as"

Syntax

The grammatical structure of prose and poetry.

Tetrameter

A verse line having four metrical feet

Trochee (Trochaic Foot)

A metrical unit with stressed-stressed-unstressed syllables

Understatement

A statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said

Villanelle

Poem consisting of six stanzas: five tercets and a quatrain; first and third line are repeated throughout

Elizabethan (Shakespearean) Sonnet

3 quatrains and a couplet in iambic pentameter, rhyming abab cdcd efef gg.

Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet

A sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern ABBAABBA, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern CDECDE or CDCDCD

Sestina

6 sestets ending with tercet; last words of each line in 1st stanza are repeated as last words in following stanzas

Free Verse

Unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern

Blank Verse

Unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)

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