A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
A poetic meter that is made up of 5 stressed syllables each followed by an unstressed syllable
The use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, thing, place, or experience
Unrhymed end-words which must occur in every stanza but in a changing order that follow a set pattern
figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that does not use "like" or "as"
A figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds that uses "like" or "as"
Poem consisting of six stanzas: five tercets and a quatrain; first and third line are repeated throughout
Elizabethan (Shakespearean) Sonnet
3 quatrains and a couplet in iambic pentameter, rhyming abab cdcd efef gg.
Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet
A sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern ABBAABBA, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern CDECDE or CDCDCD
6 sestets ending with tercet; last words of each line in 1st stanza are repeated as last words in following stanzas