An increase in machine-made goods beginning in England during the 1700s.
What was the Industrial Revolution?
Small farmers became tenant farmers or moved to the cities, enclosures became landmarks of wealthy landowners, and landowners experimented with new agricultural methods.
What was a result of the agricultural revolution?
What was the main cause of the process of urbanization that occurred in 19th century Britain and elsewhere in western Europe?
forbade engineers, mechanics, and toolmakers from leaving the country
What did Britain do to keep industrial secrets from the United States?
not personally responsible for its debts
What was the benefit of being a stockholder in a corporation?
A policy that let the owners of industry set working conditions without govt. interference.
What is the laissez-faire policy?
How many miles of tracks were laid from northern Washington to southernmost point in California?
Edinburgh, Birmingham, Glasgow, Liverpool, London
Which of the following cities ranked from the smallest to the biggest in 1850?
It led to population growth, increased food supplies, and caused farmers to lose land and seek other work.
How did the Agricultural Revolution lead to the Industrial Revolution?
Positively, by Britain's highly developed banking system, availability of loans, and climate of progress.
How did Britain's economy affect the process of industrialization?
it launched the railway age, which brought transportation to a new level
What was the impact of the steam engine on the production of British goods?
It made the population grow faster than the housing supply.
How did the Industrial Revolution affect cities?
What factor most contributed to the shorter life span of those living in cities as opposed to those in the country?
Some members of the middle class achieved top positions in society.
How did the new middle class change British society?
The U.S. Supreme Court created social security for retired workers.
Which was not a legislative reform in the 1800s?
The western territories were still new, industry was more developed in the East and Midwest, and East cost ports were part of major trade routes.
What are the reasons why the West had fewer miles of railroad track than the East in 1890?