The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
The best example of a particular category; a mental image.
Methodical problem (step by step) solving that guarantees success.
Simple thinking strategy for solving problems. Allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently.
Sudden and often creative solution to a problem.
A tendency to search for information that confirms to ones preconceptions.
The inability to see a problem from a new perspective.
A tendency to continue applying a particular problem-solving strategy even when it is no longer helpful.
The tendency to think of things only in the terms of their usual functions. (an impediment to problem solving)
Judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes; may lead one to ignore other relevant information.
Estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory; if instances come readily to mind, we presume such events are common.
The tendency to be more confident than correct.
The way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
The tendency for preexisting beliefs to distorts reasoning.
Clinging to ones initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
Our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we can combine them to communicate meaning.
In language, the smallest distinctive unit of sound.
In language the smallest unit of sound that actually carries meaning; may be a word or part of a word.
In a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others.
the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning.
the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
The idea that language determines the way we think