Usage Unit 3

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Usage Unit 3 - pages 918~919 LBH Definitions

burst

a standard verb form which means "to fly apart suddenly."

bursted

nonstandard past tense of "burst;" do not use this in formal writing.

bust

The slang term for "burst." Do not use this in formal writing.

busted

The past tense slang term for "burst." Do not use this in formal writing.

negative

but, hardly, scarcely are all [negative/positive] in their own right

false

[true/false] But, hardly, and scarcely should be used with "not" to express negativity

true

[true/false] You should never combine the words "but, however, yet"

but that

This is a wordy substitute for "that" and should be avoided.

but what

This is a wordy substitute for "what" and should be avoided.

calculate, figure, reckon

as substitutes for "expect" or "imagine," these words are colloquial and should not be used.

can

Indicates capacity or ability

may

Indicates permission

may

Indicates possibility

can't help but

Common idiom, but redundant ( versus "cannot but" )

true

Expressions such as "in the case of," "in the instance of," and "along the lines of" are unnecessary padding and should be avoided. [true/false]

censor

To edit or remove from public view on moral or some other grounds

censure

to give a formal scolding

center around

Which one is incorrect? [center on/center around]

climatic

comes from climate and refers to weather

climactic

comes from climax and refers to a dramatic high point

complement

To add to, complete, or reinforce it

compliment

To make a flattering remark about it

Compose

means "to make up"

comprise

means "to consist of"

conscience

A noun meaning "a sense of right and wrong"

conscious

an adjective meaning "aware" or "awake"

contact

This is often used imprecisely as a verb instead of a more exact word like "consult," "talk with," "telephone," or "write to"

continual

means "constantly recurring"

continuous

means "unceasing"

convince

to change someone else's opinion

persuade

to move someone to action

of, that

convince should be followed by ____ or _____

to

persuade should be followed by _____

could care less

The expression should be [could care less/couldn't care less]

couple of

used colloquially to mean "a few" or "several"

credible

means "believable" [credible/creditable/credulous]

creditable

means "deserving of credit" or "worthy" [credible/creditable/credulous]

credulous

means "gullible" [credible/creditable/credulous]

criteria

the plural of criterion

criteria

means "standards for judgement"

data

The plural of "datum"

datum

The singular of "data"

device

The noun [device/devise]

devise

The verb [device/devise]

different from

[different from/different than] preferred generally, unless it is in a wordy construction

differ from

To be unlike [differ from/differ with]

differ with

To disagree with [differ from/differ with]

discreet

noun form is "discretion"; means "tactful"

discrete

means "separate and distinct"

disinterested

means "impartial"

uninterested

means "bored" or "lacking interest"

complimentary

can mean "free"

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