Junior AP Tri 2 Final

22 terms by cmarron 

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AP Terms, Mr. Eldridge, 2012

Allusion

a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize

Ambiguity

The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage.

Analogy

a similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them

antithesis

the direct opposite, a sharp contrast

Aphorism

a concise statement that expresses succinctly a general truth or idea, often using rhyme or balance

Apostrophe

a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction

Connotation

The non- literal, associative meaning of a word; the implied, suggested meaning. may involve ideas, emotions, or attitudes

Denotation

strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word, devoid of any emotion, attitude, or color (Example: the denotation of a knife would be a utensil used to cut; the connotation of a knife might be fear, violence, anger)

Didactic

means "teaching" have the primary aim of teaching or instructing, especially the teaching of moral or ethical principles

Euphemism

"good speech" a more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept. Example: "earthly remains" rather than "corpse"

Homily

"sermon" includes any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice

Invective

an emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language

Loose Sentence

a type of sentence in which the main idea (independent clause) comes first, followed by dependent grammatical units such as phrases and clauses. Front loaded

Metonymy

Substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it Example: "the white House declared" rather than "the president declared"

Parallelism

phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other

Periodic Sentence

a complex sentence in which the main clause comes last and is preceded by the subordinate clause, it is end- loaded

Sarcasm

bitter, caustic language that is meant to hurt or ridicule someone or something. It may use verbal irony as a device.

Satire

A work that targets human vices and follies or social institutions and conventions for reform or ridicule. best seen as a style of writing rather than a purpose for writing

Syllogism

a three-part deductive argument in which a conclusion is based on a major premise and a minor premise ("All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal.")

Synthesis

the combination of separate parts into a unified whole, Example: "Taste the pain" in the Red Hot Chili Peppers

Syntax

the manner in which words are arranged into sentences, The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences.

Understatement

the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.

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