a feeling or affect that occurs when a person is in a state or interaction that is important to him/her, especially to his/her well being. *positive(enthusiasm, joy & love) negative(anxiety, anger, guilt, & sadness)
emotions that are present in humans and other animals. *appears first 6 months.
requires self-awareness and involves consciousness and a sense of me (shame, empathy, guilt, pride, embarrassment & jealousy)
a rhythmic pattern that usually consist of a cry followed by a brief silence then a shorter whistle that is somewhat higher in pitch than the main cry, then another brief rest before the next cry.
a variation of the basic cry in which more excess air is forced through the vocal cords.
a sudden long, initial loud cry followed by a breath holding; no preliminary moaning is present. the pain cry is stimulated buu a high intensity stimulus.
a smile that does not occur in response to external stimuli & appears during the first month after birth, usually during sleep
a smile that occurs in response to an external stimulus, typically a face in the case of the young infant. social smiling occurs as early as 2 months of age.
crying when the caregiver leaves
when an infant shows a wariness and fear of strangers. *it appears in the 1st 6 months and becomes intense at 9 months, peaks toward the end of the first year of life and decreases thereafter
involves individual behavioral styles, emotions, & characteristic ways of responding.
generally positive mood, quickly establishes routine, and adapts quickly to new experiences
reacts negatively and cries frequently, engages in irregular routines, and is slow to accept change
slow to warm up
low activity level, somewhat negative, & displays a low intensity of mood.
inhibition to the unfamiliar
shyness with stranger
extraversion / surgency
positive anticipation, impulsivity, and sensation seeking uninhibited
fear frustration, sadness, and discomfort inhibited
attentional focusing and shifting inhibitory control, perceptual sensitivity
goodness of fit
the match between a child's temperament & the environmental demands the child must cope with.
term used to describe reading emotional cues in others to help determine how to act in a particular situation.
a close emotional bond between 2 people.
parents time interactions so that infants experience turn taking with the parents
socialization that is bidirectional; children socialize parents just as parent socialize children