Introduction to Management Information Systems Midterm

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What is a problem?

-An obstacle, impediment, difficulty or challenge, or any situation that invites resolution.

What is information?

-An ordered sequence of symbols that can be interpreted as a message.

What is competitive advantage?

-The strategic advantage one business entity has over its rival entities within its competitive industry.

What is a CPU?

-The portion of a computer system that carries out the instructions of a computer program.

What is groupware?

-Refers to programs that help people work together collectively while located remotely from each other.

What is shareware?

-Is proprietary software that is provided to users without payment on a trial basis and is often limited by any combination of functionality, availability, or convenience.

What is a transaction system?

-Is a type of information system. TPSs collect, store, modify, and retrieve the transactions of an organization. A transaction is an event that generates or modifies data that is eventually stored in an information system.

What is a management information system?

-A computerized information-processing system designed to support the activities of company or organizational management.

What is a register?

-An official list or record

What is the difference between interpreter languages and compiled languages?

-A compiled language is written and then run through a compiler which checks its syntax and compresses it into a binary executable. Since an interpreted language is not compiled, it must be checked for errors at run-time, which makes it quite a bit slower than a compiled language

What is a mainframe computer?

-Are powerful computers used primarily by corporate and governmental organizations for critical applications, bulk data processing such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning, and transaction processing.

What is a operating system?

-Is a set of programs that manage computer hardware resources and provide common services for application software.

What is an application?

-Is computer software designed to help the user to perform specific tasks.

What is BPS?

-Network performance has traditionally been measured in units of bits per second (bps).

What is Baud?

-In telecommunications and electronics, baud is synonymous to symbols per second or pulses per second.

What is synergy?

-May be defined as two or more things functioning together to produce a result not independently obtainable.

What is SIS?

-Is a system that helps companies change or otherwise alter their business strategy and/or structure.

What is a SAP?

-It is an enterprise-wide information system designed to coordinate all the resources, information, and activities needed to complete business processes such as order fulfillment or billing

What is half-duplex?

-A half-duplex (HDX) system provides communication in both directions, but only one direction at a time (not simultaneously).

What is full-duplex?

-A full-duplex (FDX), or sometimes double-duplex system, allows communication in both directions, and, unlike half-duplex, allows this to happen simultaneously.

What is simplex?

-Refers to transmission in only one direction.

What is a MAN?

-A metropolitan area network (MAN) is a computer network that usually spans a city or a large campus.

What is a WAN?

-A Wide Area Network (WAN) is a telecommunication network that covers a broad area (i.e., any network that links across metropolitan, regional, or national boundaries).

What is a LAN?

-A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers in a limited area such as a home, school, computer laboratory, or office building.

What is a CAN?

-Is a computer network made up of an interconnection of local area networks (LANs) within a limited geographical area.

What are network topologies?

-Is the layout pattern of interconnections of the various elements (links, nodes, etc.) of a computer or biological network.

What is a packet?

-Is a formatted unit of data carried by a packet mode computer network.

What is a protocol?

-Is a system of digital message formats and rules for exchanging those messages in or between computing systems and in telecommunications.

What is a magnetic disk?

-A memory device, such as a floppy disk, a hard disk, or a removable cartridge, that is covered with a magnetic coating on which digital information is stored in the form of microscopically small, magnetized needles.

What does RAM stand for?

-Random access memory.

What does ROM stand for?

-Read-only memory.

What does CPU stand for?

-Central processing unit.

What does POS stand for?

-Point of sale.

What does Baud stand for?

-symbols per second or pulses per second.

What does BPS stand for?

-Bits per second.

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