does not have to do with addiction. It happens when the body adjusts to the dose
taking drug for non therapeutic effects. "It takes away emotional pain"
if you have an addict you should TREAT PAIN
from the moment you start to feel pain., the lowest intensity of stimulation at which pain is experienced
how much pain can you stand
Acute pain has what symptoms?
increase in BP
increase in breathing rate
How long does pain have to occur for until it is classified as chronic?
introduce competing stimulus such as a back rub