1787- Meeting called to revise The Articles of Confederation and create a foundation for The United States Goverment, The Constitution.
The Great Compromise
Congress (Legislative Branch) is divided into two houses; House of Representatives would be based on a state's population and Senate will have 2 members from each state.
The area of government that is responsible for passing laws.
Includes the Supreme Court and is responsible for explaining and interpreting laws.
President, carries out laws passed by congess and has "veto" power.
3/5 of every states' slave population will be counted when determing the number of members in the House of Representatives.
Separation of Powers
Divides the goverment into three branches; Legislative, Judicial, and Executive; each branch has it's own duties.
Checks and Balances
Each branch of government has the power to check or limit the actions and power of the other two branches. example veto, override, unconstitutional
Plan of government that included the 3 branches of government with the Legislative Branch divided into 2 houses based on population.
New Jersey Plan
Plan with 3 Branches of government but included only one house with one member from each state.
Bill of Rights
1st 10 Amendments, list of freedoms; purpose is to protect the citizen's from powerful government; freedom of speech, religion, assembly, bear arms, due process, right to a speedy trial.
Establishes the laws and principals of the government. Power is given to the people, and it limits the power of the government. "We the People..."
Sharing of powers between the Federal (National) government and the state governments.
Actually is responsible for electing the President; set up because the framers of the Constitution did not believe that voters could always make a wise choice.
Upper house of the Legislative Branch; 100 members, 2 from each state
House of Representatives
Lower house of the Legislative Branch; the number of members is based on the population of each state.
Farmer's revolt because they couldn't pay taxes; Government couldn't stop revolt because they have no army, a weak government, and the Articles of confederation weren't working.
Articles of Confederation
Created a loose alliance and goverment for the 13 states. It was decided that it did not do enough.
Changes to the Constitution