Location of the Great Plains
...West of the Mississippi and East of the Rocky Mountains- extends north into Canada
Physical features and climate of the Great Plains
Flatlands that rise gradually from east to west
• Land eroded by wind and water
• Low rainfall
• Frequent dust storms
nickname for the Great Plains
Used to fence in land on the Great Plains, eventually leading to the end of the open frontier.
Invention that helped people settle in the Great Plains after the Civil War; farming tool used to cultivate soil
method used in arid regions in which land is plowed and planted deeply to hold water in the soil
Typically small and commonly found in the sides of hills in the midwest, Settlers on Great Plains built houses made of mud, rock, water, and other materials.
Beef cattle raising
Cattle was raised in the South West and transported to the North where beef was in high demand
adopted a new Russian strain of this grain which used less water and grew in the dryer soil of the Great Plains
Their sails captured the wind's power to turn the mills the ground grain into flour
Were essential to westward expansion because they made it easier to travel to and live in the west
Textile industry location
Automobile industry location
Steel industry location
serve as centers of trade and have political, economic, and/or cultural significance.
an example of a political region. they may be grouped as part of different regions, depending upon the criteria used.
Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Maryland, Delaware, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota
Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona
Rocky Mountains states
Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Montana, Wyoming, Idaho
Washington, Oregon, California
New York, Boston, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia
Washington, D.C., Atlanta, New Orleans
Chicago, St. Louis, Detroit
San Antonio, Santa Fe
Western (Rocky Mountains) cities
Denver, Salt Lake City
San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle
The 13th Amendment
bans slavery in the United States and all of its territories.
The 14th Amendment
grants citizenship to all persons born in the United States and guarantees them equal protection under the law
The 15th Amendment
ensures all citizens the right to vote regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Civil Rights Act of 1866
gave blacks citizenship and aimed to destroy the black codes
which also authorized the use of federal troops for its enforcement.
a federal agency established to aid former enslaved African Americans in the South
A northerner who went to the South immediately after the Civil War; especially one who tried to gain political advantage or other advantages from the disorganized situation in southern states;
Southern states adopted these to limit the economic and physical freedom of former slaves.
office holders during Reconstruction
•Southern military leaders could not hold office.
•African Americans could hold public office.
•Northern soldiers supervised the South.
End of Reconstruction
•Reconstruction ended in 1877 as a result of a compromise over the outcome of the election of 1876.
•Federal troops were removed from the South.
"Jim Crow" laws.
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights