traditional stories about Gods and heroes. Goes and Goddesses look and act like humans.
12 most important Gods live here. Zeus, Athena, Apollo, Ares, Aphrodite, Poseidon, and others.
Set of actions to worship the gods for their favor and good fortune.
Prediction about the future
Sacred shrine where a priest or priestess spoke for a god/goddess. Gave answers in riddles
Had the most famous oracle.
Sent messengers to Delphi to ask whether he would be victorious when at war with the Persians. Oracle replies that a great empire will be destroyed. He goes to war and destroys his own empire.
Long poems about heroic deeds.
Author of Iliad and Odyssey. His stories were passed down orally.
Prince of Troy kidnaps the Spartan King's wife (Helen). The king of Mycenae and brother of Spartan king fight against Troy. Greeks build wooden horse and hide the soldiers in it. The Greeks take over the city at night. Referred to as the Trojan war.
Odysseus's journey from the Trojan War. Faces storms, witches, and giants before he gets home.
Slave who wrote fables
Story that teaches a lesson. Animals talk and act like people. Often funny. Point out human flaws and strengths and ends with a moral/message.
Story told by actors who pretend to be characters in the story.
A person struggles to overcome difficulties but fails. Has an unhappy ending. Also how a persons character causes him to fail
Drama with a happy ending. In modern usage, a story with humor.
Introduces the idea of having 2 actors, along with costumes, props, and stage decorations
3 plays. King of Mycenae returns home from the Trojan war. Teaches that evil acts cause more evil and suffering. People should not seek revenge.
Used 3 actors in his plays. Was a general. Used painted scenes behind the stage. Most famous plays: Oedipus Rex and Antigone.
Is it better to follow orders or to do what is right?
More down-to-earth characters. Questioned traditional thinking, especially about war. He showed it as cruel and women and children as its victims.
Writer of Comedies. He makes fun of leading politicians and scholars.