Child's Play

50 terms by Waterlily101 

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A FACS (Family And Consumer Science) station on child care basically this is all you need to know about taking care of a kid-well, almost because they don't come with instruction manuals

prenatal

lasts 9 months, during which the unborn child develops within the mother

infancy

begins at birth and lasts about one year, most physical growth occurs during this period

toddler

early childhood, period during which the child begins to walk, includes ages 1-3

preschooler

middle childhood, includes from ages 3-5 (when the child enters school)

school age

later childhood, includes age 5-beginning of adolescence

childhood

starts when the child is about 1 and lasts until the ages of 11 or 12

adolescence

second fastest growing period, period between childhood and adulthood, starting from ages 12 or 13 and ending between ages 18-22, during which child assumes adult responsibilities

milestones

developmental tasks, called "firsts", that a child accomplishes

why every child is a unique indivual

they are all different and can accomplish and can accomplish tasks at different times in their life

3-6 months

when an infant can roll over

4-6 months

when an infant can sit up alone

7-9 months

when an infant can crawl

9-12 months

when an infant can pull itself up

5 areas in child development

intellectual, physical, emotional, social, moral

1-3 years

when a child learns to walk

3-5 years

when a child can dress him/herself

heredity & environment

the two main factors that influenc a child's development

why babies have fontanels on their heads

they are spots on their heads where the bones have not yet grown together

involuntary reflexes

movements you have no control over

head

what should be supported when holding a baby

warm it in a pan of warm water

how you should heat a baby bottle

the bottle could get too hot

why you shouldn't heat a bottle in a microwave

why a baby should burped after being fed a bottle

so the air bubbles get dislodged from the stomach

wash your hands thoroughly

what you should do after changing a diaper

crying

how babies communicate their needs and feelings

temper tantrum

when an upset child's actions turn into a screaming fit accompanied by crying, kicking, or dropping to the floor

3 ways to help handle a temper tantrum

remove the audience
remove the child from the audience
divert the child's attention

it's a powerful command from a parent

why "no" is an important word in a toddler's life

you can avoid the "no syndrome"

with some practice and fast thinking

share

what toddlers don't do well when playing with other children

they are attached to their parents

why toddlers sometimes make a fuss when their parents leave

parallel play

when toddlers engage in playing next to each other but not together

cooperative play

when preschoolers move from parallel play to playing with other children

teamwork
cooperation
considering others' feelings

three things school-age children learn

information you should find out when offered a babysitting job

the number and ages of the children
the time you will need to arrive
how long the parents plan to be gone
the rate of pay you will receive

how you can show you are a reliable babysitter

keeping a constant, careful eye on the children
keeping an accurate list of telephone messages
not allowing your friends to visit
not opening the door to strangers

possible choking foods

nuts, hot dogs, marshmallows, grapes, raw cherries, popcorn

positively

the way you speak to children

so you don't lower their self-esteem

why you should talk to children in a positive way

violence
threats
bribery
put-downs

four things you should never use when talking to children

role model

what you must remember you are when you talk to children

assess whether the injury is major or minor

what you should do first when a child has an injury

911

the number you should call if a child has a serious injury, there is an intruder, or any other emergency

call the child's parents

what you should do in all emergencies, big or small

"work"

playing is this for a child
it's a child's____________

2 things you should consider when selecting toys for children

make sure they are suitable for the age level
make sure they are in good condition and unbroken

toys for babies (examples)

soft, plastic rattles, plastic keys on a ring, soft, spongy balls, soft blocks

toys for toddlers (examples)

wooden/foam blocks, pull toys, garage with cars, large piece building sets, soft footballs or basketballs, picture books, shape sorters, simple puzzles

toys for preschoolers (examples)

memory games, building sets, puzzles, books, coloring books and crayons, dolls, trains and cars

how to child-proof a house

put baby-gates at the tops and bottoms of stairs
keep small items out of reach of infants
put safety covers on electrical outlets
put safety latches on cabinets and doors
make sure all toys are nontoxic and unbroken
keep dangerous items out of reach

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