"The Rule of good St. Benet or St. Maur/As old and strict he tended/ He let go by the things of yesterday/And took the modern world's more spacious way"
"And that a monk uncloistered is a mere/Fish out of water flapping on the pier"
"I saw his sleeves were garnished at the hand/With fine gray fur, the finest in the land..."
"To ride abroad had followed chivalry,/Truth, honor, generousness and courtesy"
Knight (van was the part of the army that goes before the rest)
"And jousted for our faith at Tramissene/Thrice in the lists, and always killed his man. This same distinguished ---- had led the van"
"And in his bearing modest as a maid"
"He was a true, a perfect gentle-----"
"Fine horses, but he was not gaily dressed./He wore a fustian tunic stained and dark/With smudges where his armor had left mark"
"And had done valiantly in little space/ Of time, in hope to win his lady's grace"
"Singing he was, or fluting all the day;/He was a fresh as is the month of May."
"Short was his gown, the sleeves were long and wide"
"He could make songs and poems and recite,/Knew how to joust and dance, to draw and write."
"He loved so hotly that till dawn grew pale/He slept as little as a nightingale"
"This ---- wore a coat and hood of green,/ And peacock-feathered arrows, bright and keen"
"And in his hand he bore a mighty bow."
"His head was like a nut, his face was brown./He knew the whole of woodcraft up and down."
"A saucy brace was on his arm"
"He was a proper forester I guess"
"Her greatest oath was only "By St. Loy!""
"And she spoke daintily in French, extremely, After the school of Stratford-atte-Bowe;/French in the Paris style she did not know"
"For courtliness she had a special zest,/And she would wipe her upper lip so clean/That not a trace of grease was to be seen"
"Pleasant and friendly in her wasys, and straining/To counterfeit a courtly king of grace"
"And she had little dogs she would be feeding/With roasted flesh, or milk, or fine white bread"
"Her nose was elegant, her eyes glass-gray;/Her mouth was very small, but soft and red,/Her forehead, certainly was fair of spread"
"She wore a coral trinket on her arm,/A set of beads, the gaudies tricked in green,/Whence hung a golden brooch of brightest sheen"
"So glib (speaking very readily but insincerely) with gallant phrase and well-tuned speech./He'd fixed up many a marriage, giving each/Of his young women what he could afford her. He was a noble pillar to his Order."
"Sweetly he heard his penitents at shrift (Confession)/With pleasant absolution (act of freeing someone of a sin or criminal charge), for a gift/He was an easy man in penance-giving/Where he could hope to make a decent living;"
Friar (Talking about indulgences)
"Therefore instead of weeping and of prayer/One should give silver for a poor ----'s care."
"For he sang well and played the hurdy-gurdy"
"His neck was whiter than a lily-flower/But strong enough to butt a bruiser down."
"He knew the taverns well in every town/And every innkeeper and barmaid too/Better than lepers, beggars and that crew,"
"Of double-worsted was the semi-cope (cape)"
"He lisped a little out of wantonness/To make his English sweet upon his tongue./When he had played his harp, or having sung."
"His eyes would twinkle in his head as bright/As any star upon a frosty night./This worthy's name was Hubert, it appeared."
"And motley dress, high on his horse he sat"
"Upon his head a Flemish beaver hat/And on his feet daintily buckled boots."
"He told of his opinions and pursuits/In solemn tones, and how he never lost."
"(He thought) upon the Harwich-Holland range, He was expert at currency exchange."
"This estimable ---- so had set/His wits to work, none knew he was in debt."
"He was an excellent fellow all the same;/To tell the truth I do not know his name"
"Was there; his horse was thinner than a rake,/And he was not too fat, I undertake,"
"But had a hollow look, a sober stare; The thread upon his overcoat was bare."
"He preferred having twenty books in red/And black, of Aristotle's philosophy,/To having fine clothes, fiddle or psaltery."
"His only care was study, and indeed/He never spoke a word more than was need,/Formal at that, respectful in the extreme,/Short to the point, and lofty in his theme."
"The thought of moral virtue filled his speech/And he would gladly learn, and gladly teach."
Sergeant at the Law
"Discreet he was, a man to reverence (respect),/Or so he seemed, his sayings were so wise."
Sergeant at the Law
"Nowhere there was so busy a man as he;/But was less busy than he seemed to be."
Sergeant at the Law
"He wore a homely parti-colored coat/Girt with a silken belt of pin-stipe stuff;"
"White as a daisy-petal was his beard"
"He loved a morning sop of cake in wind. He lived for pleasure and had always done,/For he was Epicurus' very son,"
"As noted as St. Julian was for bounty/He made his household free to all the County."
"As Justice at the Sessions none stood hight He often had been Member for the Shire."
"As Sheriff he checked audit, every entry./He was a model among landed gentry."
"No one alive could talk as well as he did/On points of medicine and of surgery,"
"He was a perfect practicing physician"
"All his apothecaries in a tribe/Were ready with the drugs he would prescribe,/And each made money from the other's guile;"
"He was well-versed in Esculapius too" (God of medicine and healing in Greek mythology (humanism))
"He did not read the Bible very much"
"In blood-red garments, slashed with bluish-gray/And lined with taffeta, he rode his way;"
"And kept the gold he won in pestilences./Gold stimulates the heart, or so we're told/He therefore had a special love of gold."
Wife of Bath
"Her hose were of the finest scarlet red/And gartered tight; her shoes were soft and new."
Wife of Bath
"She'd had five husbands, all at the church door,"
Wife of Bath
"And she had thrice been to Jerusalem, Seen many strange rivers and passed over them..."
Wife of Bath
"She had gap-teeth, set widely, truth to say"
Wife of Bath
"Well wimpled up, and on her head a hat/As broad as is a buckler or a shield"
Wife of Bath
"She had a flowing mantle that concealed/Large hips, her heels spurred sharply under that."
Wife of Bath
"And knew the remedies for love's mischances,/An art in which she knew the oldest dances."
"He much dislike extorting tithe or fee"
"Giving to poor parishioners round about/From his own goods and Easter offerings"
"Yet he neglected not in rain or thunder./In sickness or in grief, to pay a call"
"First following the word before he taught it"
"That if gold rust, what then will iron do?/For if a priest be foul in whom we trust/No wonder that a common man should rust;/An shame it is to see-let priests take stock-/A soiled shepherd and a snowy flock."
"I think there never was a better priest"
"He sought no pomp or glory in his dealings,/No scrupulosity had spiced his feelings./Christ and His Twelve Apostles and their lord/He taught, but followed it himself before"
"A great stout fellow big in brawn and bone."
"Broad, knotty and short-shouldered, he would boast..."
"And at its very tip, his nose displayed/ A wart on which there stood a tuft of hair./Red as the bristles in an old sow's ear."
"His mighty mouth was like a furnance door."
"His was a master-hand at stealing grain."
"He liked to play his bagpipes up and down/And that was how he brought us out of town."
Who wrote the Canterbury Tales?
How many people were on the pilgrimage?
What month did they leave for the journey?
Where did they leave for the trip?
Where were they going for their journey?
Whose face is red as a charaban?
What is the criteria to win the contest?
Good morality and general pleasure
Which character knows every case and crime?
Which character is strong and broad?
Which characters sport is hunting?
Who wore medal of St. Christopher?
Most distinguished man?
Which character talked daintly in French?
Which character walked the Plank...
Who carried a knightly bow and a hunting horn?
What is found under the tree in the Pardoner's tale?
What is the moral of the Pardoners tale?
Money is the root of all evil
Who else road with the nun?
Another nun and three priests
Moral of the Pardoner's tale in Latin?
"Radix malorum est cupiditas"
Who is this... truth, honor, generousness, and courtesy?
Most wise and distinguished?
Who is this.. true, perfect, and gentle?
Who is the knight's son?
Who is this... a lover and cadet, twenty years of age?
Who is this... agility, strength, singing all day.
Who is this... Short was his grown, the sleeves were long and wide.
Rode along side of the squire and night...
He wore a coat and hood of green, peacock fethered arrows, bright and ken.
He carried a bow with him as well as a jaunty dirk.
A prioress, simple and coy, she could carry a morsel up.
Entertaining, pleasant, and friendly in her ways.
Would weap if saw a mouse in a trap or dead or bleeding.
Had little dogs, tender heart, wore a cloak and coral trinket.
Of the finest sort, rode the country and hunting was his sport. A manly man.
Old and strict he tended to ignore, he let go by the things of yesterday.
Poring over books in cloisters, he to study till his head went round.
His sleeves were garnished at the hand with fine gray fur, the finest in land. Had a wrought gold cunningly fashioned pin.
His palfrey (horse) was as brown as a berry
Eyeballs never seemed to settle, they glittered like the flames beneath a kettle.
Wanton and merry, limiter very festive fellow. Accepts bribes a many.
Mellow, fixed up many marriages, giving each young women what he could afford her.
Played the hurdy gurdy, knew taverns well in every town, and every inkeeper and barmaid too.
Forking beard, motley dress, high on horse, buckled boots, and in debt.
"He was an excellent fellow in all the same to tell the truth I do not know his name"
A student, horse who was thinner than a rake, Sober stare.
The oxford cleric
Spent money for only books, "gladly would he learn, and gladly teach"
The Oxford Cleric
Sergeant of law, wary and wise, discreet, noted of excellence.
Knew of every judgement, case and crime, ever recorded since King Williams time.
White, daisy petal beard, high-colored and benign,
Freeman, loved food and wine.
Haberdasher, a dyer, a carpenter, a weaver, and a carpet-maker.
Trim and fresh, their knives were not tricked out with brass. Brought silver, wanted to be called Madam.
Stood alone, boiling chicken with marrow bone.
Had an ulcer on his knee.
Hailing from far west, he came from Dartmouth.
Wore a woollen gown that reached his knee. A Dagger on a lanyard falling free.
Colored brown, his beard in many a tempest had its shaking. Owned a barge called Maudelayne
Talked well about medicine and surgery.
Knew powers of horoscope and favorable planets and knew what to do to cure.
Special love for gold.
Worthy woman, somewhat deaf, finely woven kerchiefs.
The wife of bath
Gap between front teeth, loved marriage and sex, married 5 times, a seamstress.
The wife of bath
A holy minded man of good renown, poor. A learned man, a clerk.
Truly knew Christ's gospel, lives in poverty, only true churchman on board.
The Parson's brother, honest worker and good and true. Lived in peace and in perfect charity.
Chap of sixteen stone. Broad, knotty, and short-shouldered.
Came from the Inner Temple.
Old choleric and thin. Beard was shaven closely to the skin. Lean legs.
Herdsmen, farmer, from Norfolk. Steals from his master.
Face on fire, black scabby brows. Drank red wine till hazy.
Children were afraid when he appeared. Brings people who violate church law to court. Not suited for his position.
Rode with the Summoner, He often sings, "come hither, love, come home!"
Hair a yellow as wax like rat tails. Carries a bag full of fake relics.
Gave a great welcome, served finest victuals, eyes bright, wide girth, bold in speech.
Poor astronomy student who boards with the carpenter named john, gets branded by Absolon in the end.
Figure of Speech
A specialized use of language
Direct address in the object's absence
Using a part to refer to the whole object
Using a broader term to refer to a smaller unit.
The difference between what is expected to happen and what does happen
Irony found within a plot or specific situation
Using words and phrases to the opposite effect.
When the audience knows information the character doesn't
Mean spirited remarks intended to hurt emotions
The process of making characters seem real
Occurs when the author directly describes character traits
Occurs when a character's traits are revealed either through reader inference or other character's interactions.
Describes a character who changes during the course of a story
These characters stay the same throughout the story
Describes a character with many traits; seems very realistic
Characters with few traits, generally only one or two
The town where the pilgrims began their journey
The inn where the pilgrims started
The murdered archbishop whose crypt the pilgrims where traveling to see
Wore a stained tunic that was smudged where armor left a mark
This one sang to the ladies and slept as little as a nightengale
Knew woodcraft up and down, carried a hunting horn
Loved animals, both to eat and play with
Loved to hunt, hated reading.
This beggar could talk a poor, shoeless woman out of a farthing
For all his talk, he is still in debt
Both he and his horse are rake-thin, spoke of moral virtue
Seem more busy than he really was
It snowed meat and drink at his welcome home
Rich powerful men with even more powerful wives at home
A very skillful man with sores on his knees
Ignored the nicer rules of conscience
Read astrology instead of the bible
Wife of Bath
A woman of experience dressed in red
A good country priest who gave rather than took
Carried a lot of dung
Played the pipes, had a wart on his nose, and thumb of gold
Bought food for lawyers, was able to stretch a penny
His horse was named Scot, and he wore a bluish coat
Scaly red eye brows, pimple faced, an empty head, but spoke Latin when drunk
Had fake relics for sale and could sing well when the offering plate was passed
Both the author and pilgrim of the story
Had a wide girth and lacked no manly attribute
Establishes the characters and setting of a story
conflict within the protagonist
The protagonist's conflict with a force outside him/herself
events that make the conflict more difficult to end
The point of most tension between the protagonist and antagonist
Events that lead to an ending of the conflict
The point where the conflict is completely ended
Literally "the unknotting" of the plot, the final scenes
Radix malorum est cupiditas
Avarice is the root of evil
written in what rhyme
what is the meter
chaucer uses a reflection of himself called a what
represented in a small group of people
where is southwark
across the river by london
where do they start their journey
the tabard inn
where are they going
st thomas Beckett's shrine
give three examples of why people go on this pilgrimage
party, robbing, religious
humorous gaudy tale
what is a story within a story
how many pilgrims are there
who is the author
geoffrey chaucer is considered what of english literature
the father of english literature
when did chaucer die
"and always he was praised for worthy deeds. he helped win alexandria in the East...no other noble Christian fought so well."
"...who was also wise, and in deportment meek as any maid. he never spoke unkindly, never played The villain's part, but always did the right."
"He had good horses but he wasn't richly clad; his fustian tunic was a rusty sight, where he had worn his hauberk"
coarse cloak (undergarment)
# of pilgrims in the canterbury tales
pilgrims returned from the holy land
Tabard (in Southwark)
the tavern where the pilgrims met before their journey
St. Thomas a Becket
"To seek the blissful martyr is their will, the one who gave such help when they were ill.
"his son, a youthful...a lover and knight bachelor to admire."
"His locks were curled as if set by a press. His age was twenty years or so, I guess. In stature he was of an average height and blessed with great agility and might...In hopes of standing in his lady's grace."
"good verse and songs he had composed, and he could joust and dance, drew well, wrote gracefully"
"At night he'd love so hotly, without fail, he slept no more than does a nightingale. He was a curteous, humble lad, and able, and carved meat for his father at the table.
(servant of the squire)
"wore a coat and hood of green. He had a sheaf of arrows, bright and keen...his arrow feathers never drooped too low."
"He wore a bracer on his arm to wield his bolts...A Christopher of silver sheen was worn upon his brest; a green strap held his horn. He must have been a forester, I guess."
medal representing St. Christopher, patron saint of travelers and foresters. (worn by Yeoman)
Prioress (a nun)
"Her smile was a very simple one and coy. Her greatest oath was only "By Saint Loy!"
patron saint of carters
Called Mme Eglantine
Was a good (if nasal) singer, knew proper French but not practical/common French, had perfect manners, always tried to appear more pious/rich/perfect than she actually was.
"That to see a little mouse caught in a trap would be enough to make her cry, if dead and bleeding." --had 2 dogs that she fed better than she ate herself.
"she had a well formed nose, eyes gray as glass, a little mouth, one that was soft and red. And it's for sure she had a fair forehead--it must have been a handsbreadth wide"
"SHe wore a rosary around her wrist made out of coral beads all colored green...crowned with a wreath, with amor vincit omnia beneath."
amor vincit omnia
love conquers all
"Because St. Marus and St. Benedict had rules he thought were old and strict, This mounted _____ let old things pass away so that the modern world might have its day. That text he valued less than a plucked hen."
belief shown throughout the Canturbury Tales: the soul and the body are linked--a person's appearance = their character (judging a book by its cover)
"He held that text was not worth a single oyster....For tracking, and the hunting of the hare were all his pleasure, no cost would he spare."
"His sleeves, I saw, were fur-lined at the hand with gray fur of the finest in the land. His head was bald and shiner than glass...He wasn't pale like some poor wasted ghost"
"His palfrey was as brown as a berry."
a saddle horse, especially a gentle one for a woman (ridden by the monk)
Hubert the scam artist!
"He'd sweetly listen to confession, then as pleasantly absolve one of his sin. He easily gave penance when he knew some nice gift he'd recive when he was through...For many men are so hard of the heart they cannot weep, though grievous be the smart; instead of tears and prayers, they might therefore give silver to the ____."
"He knew the taverns well in every town, moreso than he knew the leper and the beggerman."
"No man had greater virtue than did he....He paid a fee for his exclusive right; no brethren might invade his begging site. And though a widow shoeless had to go, so pleasant was his 'In principio.'"
"Dressed...rather like a master or a Pope...He lisped somewhat when he was at his best, to make his English sweet upon his tongue.
tall, arrogant (brags); fancy but outlandish clothes; drowning in DEBT, but no one knows b/c he's so clever; narrator doesn't know his name (which is unusual b/c merchants usually want you to know their names)
"with a forked beard also came...Tall and proud he sat upon his horse. A Flemish beaver hat he ware...He used his wits so well, with such finesse, that no one guessed the man's indebtedness."
skinny w/ skinny horse, threadbare clothes, well-educated (Oxford) in logic, philosopher--poor but loves book + knowledge way more than money, quiet--words are few but wise, moral
"the horse he rode was leaner than a rake, and he was hardly fat I undertake...And threadbare was the cloak he had to wear; he had no benefice [church salary] as yet"
"Unworldly, wouldn't take a secular post, For he would rather have at his bed's head some 20 books."
Sergeant of the Law
wise, wealthy, educated, busy! perfectionist, realator/owns a lot of land, part of elite order of lawyers who tracked down people like the Miller who tried to cheat in business by misweighing goods.
Sergeant of the Law
"He often was a judge in the assize [criminal courts--cases @ weights, measurements, commerce, etc] by virtue of his...renown and erudition...His holdings were fee simple in effect, no one could prove one purchase incorrect."
land on which you don't owe anything to the vassal/lord, etc
Sergeant of the Law
"He'd execute a deed with such perfection no man could call its writing into question, and every statute he could state by rote."
Sergeant of the Law
"He wore a simple multiclolored coat girt by a striped silk belt."