process of creating a protein
process of creating an mRNA molecule from one strand of DNA
DNA --> mRNA
location of transcription
process in which the mRNA code is used to create a protein
organelles which create proteins; also the location of translation
linked together to create a protein
transfer RNA; type of RNA that carries amino acids to the ribosome
messenger RNA; type of RNA that carries instructions from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome
ribosomal RNA; type of RNA that makes up part of the ribosome
three consecutive bases on an mRNA that codes for one amino acid
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary (match) to an mRNA codon
nitrogenous base in RNA that replaces thymine
enzyme which binds to the DNA strand, separates, and then uses one strand of the DNA to assemble an RNA strand
A specific nucleotide sequence in DNA that binds RNA polymerase and indicates where to start transcribing RNA.
intervening sequences of RNA molecules that are removed before a eukaryotic gene becomes functional
expressed sequence of DNA; codes for a protein, which are spliced together to form the final mRNA
A special codon (usually AUG) used to start synthesis of a polypeptide.
One of the three codons (UAA, UAG, UGA) that signal the termination of translation of a polypeptide.
binding site on a ribosome that holds the tRNA carrying the growing polypeptide chain
binding site on a ribosome that holds the tRNA carrying the next amino acid to be added to the chain