An appreciable lateral deviation of the spine from the normally straight vertical line is called what?
Who are most likely to have scoliosis?
Scoliosis with the apex at the right is called what? (sidebent left)
Scoliosis with the apex to the left is called what? (sidebent right)
A spinal curve that is relatively fixed and inflexible and will not resolve with sidebending the opposite direction is called what?
A spinal curve that is flexible and can be partially or completely corrected with sidebending to the opposite side is called what?
What age group should be screened for scoliosis?
If suspicious, what can be done to screen for scoliosis in addition to the physical exam?
What is used to measure the degree of scoliosis?
What is described by perpendicular lines originating from horizontal lines from vertebral bodies of extreme ends of the curve?
Mild scoliosis is:
Moderate scoliosis is:
Severe scoliosis is:
Respiratory function is compromised if the thoracic curvature is:
Cardiovasuclar function is compromised if the thoracic curvature is:
PT, Konstancin Exercises and OMT
What is the treatment for mild scoliosis?
Bracing with spinal orthotic
What is the treatment for moderate scoliosis?
What is the treatment for severe scoliosis?
What is the most common cause of anatomical leg length discrepancy?
In short leg syndrome, the sacral base will be lower on which side?
In short leg syndrome, the Anterior innominate rotation will be on which side?
In short leg syndrome, the Posterior innominate rotation will be on which side?
In short leg syndrome, the lumbar spine will sidebend away and rotate toward which side?
Standing Postural X-rays
What is used to diagnose Short Leg Syndrome?
Unless the cause was recent and sudden, how much should the final heel lift height be?
1/16" every two weeks
In the "fragile", how often should you increase the heel lift in short leg syndrome?
1/8" every two weeks
In the "flexible", how often should you increase the heel lift in short leg syndrome?
What is the maximum heel lift that can be placed inside the shoe?
Anterior Sole Lift
If more than 1/2" is needed in short leg syndrome, what should be used in place of a heel lift?
What percentage of school-age children develop scoliosis by age 15
Of those who develop scoliosis, what percentage experience clinical symptoms?
What is the most common etiology of Scoliosis?
How much can the lumbosacral angle increase in short leg syndrome?