Chapter 16 The Scientific Revolution

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Johannes Kepler (1571-1601)

Elaborated on and corrected Copernicus's theory, particularly about planetary orbits.

Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)

Italian physicist and inventor. The implication of his ideas raised the ire of the Catholic Church, and he was forced to retract most of his findings.

Discourse on Method

Philosophical treatise by Rene Descartes (1596-1650) proposing that the path to knowledge was through logical speculation, beginning with one's own self: "I think, therefore I am."

Novum Organum

Work by English statesman and scientist Francis Bacon (1561-1626) that advanced a philosophy of study through observation.

Isaac Newton (1642-1727)

English scientist and mathematician, noted for his work on calculus and the properties of light.

Johannes Kepler (1571-1601)

Elaborated on and corrected Copernicus's theory, particularly about planetary orbits.

Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)

Italian physicist and inventor. The implication of his ideas raised the ire of the Catholic Church, and he was forced to retract most of his findings.

Discourse on Method

Philosophical treatise by Rene Descartes (1596-1650) proposing that the path to knowledge was through logical speculation, beginning with one's own self: "I think, therefore I am."

Novum Organum

Work by English statesman and scientist Francis Bacon (1561-1626) that advanced a philosophy of study through observation.

Isaac Newton (1642-1727)

English scientist and mathematician, noted for his work on calculus and the properties of light.

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