history moodle questions and vocab (enlightenment/revolution)

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What happened to the Bastille after it was captured by the mob?

it was razed to the ground

France was in extreme debt largely because of an expensive foreign policy T/F

true

Louis XVI was forced to call the Estates-General mostly because...

the first two estates refused to have their tax burdens increased

The 3rd estate eventually became so frustrated with the first two estates at the Estates-General that they locked the first two estates out of the meeting hall T/F

false

the time period just following the fall of the Bastille that saw widespread violence against nobles and their property is called

the great fear

The National Assembly abolished feudal dues and privileges thus ending the ancient regime T/F

true

The Revolution began as an effort to turn France from an absolute monarchy to

a constitutional monarchy

The concept "fraternity" largely gave rise to the concept of

nationalism

Countries outside of France prepared to go to war with France from fear that revolt would erupt in their countries as well T/F

true

napoleon was tried and executed for treason T/F

false

The great irony of the Committee for Public Safety is that it ________ many personal liberties in the name of ________

revoked, liberty

Ben Dupre believes history was made at the Bastille because the storming of the Bastille was a ________ conquering of liberty over ______

symbolic, tyranny

Marie Antoinette, queen of Louis XVI was a princess from _____

austria

napoleon's dictatorship was a cause for the french revolution T/F

false

The National Assembly drafted the _________ of the Rights of Man and _____, ended the last remnants of ______ and turned France into a ____________ Monarchy

declaration, citizen, feudalism, constitutional

France declared war on Austria because they believed Austria would try to stop the Revolution. T/F

true

Jean-Paul Marat was guillotined for his radical newspaper during the Reign of Terror T/F

false

The Reign of Terror can best be described as a _________ of individual liberty to terrorize "_______" of the new Republic

revocation, enemies

The most influential leader of the Committee of Public Safety was

Robespierre

The final victim of the Reign of Terror's guillotine was

Robespierre

One major effect of the French Revolution was a growing sentiment of patriotism and nationalism T/F

true

The creation of the scientific method can be attributed mostly to the work of

francis bacon

Advancements made in mathematics played a vital role in the scientific achievements of the 16th and 17th centuries T/F

true

Heliocentric theory was first proposed by

Nicholas Copernicus

The Laws of Celestial Mechanics was the famous work describing the planetary motion written by

Johannes Kepler

he Scientist who spent the last years of his life under house arrest because of his publishings was

Galileo Galilei

Newton's discovery of gravity was important because it explained the ______of all objects in the ________

motions, universe

Seventeenth century scientists, in their religious attitudes saw little ______ between faith and ________

conflict, science

The Science of Man was an attempt to understand the predictable nature of man much like the natural sciences attempted to understand the predictable laws of the universe. T/F

true

All of the following were attitudes of the Enlightenment except: democracy, Optimism ,Rationality, Secularism}

democracy

John Locke believed that humans were born as "blank slates" who develop entirely from what they learn in their life's experiences T/F

true

The Enlightenment was most readily heard and accepted in

cities

The common denominator among the Enlightenment thinkers was a ________ to ______

commitment, reform

The best American example of both philosophical AND scientific ideals was

ben franklin

In matters of government, the philosophes would have probably most admired the system of

britain

a philosophe belief is "ignorance is the major cause of inhumanity" T/F

true

The most significant 18th century economic thinker was

adam smith

The "unseen hand" refers to

the free market

The most comprehensive literary work of the Enlightenment period was

The Encyclopedie

All of the following were ideas of liberalism except :social and economic equality ,equality before the law, freedom of the press, equality of opportunity

social and economic equality

A "level playing field," in liberal terms refers to equal _______ of _____oneself

opportunity, proving

18th and 19th century liberals believed that the cure for many of society's problems would be

education

The liberal concept of checks and balances in government was derived primarily from the works of

Montesquieu

Of all forms of government, 18th century liberals would have been most apt to support a

constitutional monarchy

In the liberal perspective, the strongest branch of government should be the

legislative

The American Revolution began as a dispute over

taxes

The taxes imposed by the British on the colonies had mainly to do with paying off the _____ of the _ ______ War

debts, 7, years

Up until 1763, British interference in American affairs had been

minimal

The author of the influential pamphlet Common Sense, was

thomas paine

The support that the British army had from their Parliament for the American war can best be described as

half hearted

The first document that laid out the rules for the new United States was the

articles of confederation

The basic liberal philosophy is a product of the Enlightened time period. T/F

true

The Stamp Act was the new enforcement of England's mercantilist policy towards its North American colonies. T/F

false

Under the Alliance of 1778, France agreed to give the colonies financial aid, but preferred to stay out of the conflict with England. T/F

false

During Louis XV's early years, power had been assumed by

independent-minded nobles

he financial crisis leading up the French Revolution was partially caused by all of the following except: a lack of French industrialization, the American Revolutionary War, the Seven Years' War, wealthy living of the nobility

a lack of french industrialization

Louis XVI tried to implement taxes on the 1st and 2nd estates but the two estates refused to comply. T/F

true

The 3rd estate of France controlled about what percentage of the total wealth of France?

70

The calling of the Estates General was necessitated by a

financial crisis

Every aspect of French Public life was dominated by the first two estates except for

commerce

The National Constituent Assembly swore not to leave Paris until a new ___________ was made

constitution

The original Constitution molded by the National Assembly resembled most closely the government of

britain

Counterrevolution sentiment began in protest against the civil _______ of the ________

constitution, clergy

The levee en masse enabled France to acquire a

conscript army

The Jacobin Terror ended only with

robespierre's execution

Napoleon established a new government in France after his coup d'état called the

consulate

Napoleon was extremely popular with the people of France but severely disliked by the Catholic clergy. T/F

false

Napoleon's final defeat occurred at the battle of

waterloo

Negotiators of the Vienna Settlement drew up territorial boundaries according to: none of these ideas, ethnic differences, religious differences, ideas of liberalism and social reform, the desires of the local people

none of these

the time period just following the fall of the Bastille that saw widespread violence against nobles and their property

the great fear

a diplomatic treaty under which france aided the american revolutionaries in their war gainst britain

alliance of 1778

america's first government that failed quickly

articles of confederation

robespierre's group that ruled during the reign of terror

committee for public safety

napoleon's government

consulate

the revolutionary document stating their ideas

declaration of the rights of man and citizen

the five-member executive organ that governed France from 1795 to 1799

directory

the parliament of france, composed of delegates from teh three social orders

estates general

the time period when the second estate was afraid of the third estate attacking

the great fear

the first law-making body during the french revolution, created a moderate constitutional monarhy

national assembly

laws regulating commerce with the british colonies in north america in favor of britain

navigation acts

the idea that man could be studied and predicted like any of science

the science of man

war fought between france and england, with their allies, around the world,

7 years war

a law enacted by the british parliament in 1765 that imposed a fee on legal documents of all types and on all books and newspapers sold in the american colonies

stamp act of 1765

the splitting up of europe after napoleon's reign

vienna settlement

the pact promising the support and aid of france to america in the revolutionary was

treaty of paris

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