A juvenile who commits an offense that would not be considered a crime if it had been committed by an adult.
The historical doctrine of the states' power to serve as the ultimate parent of the child.
Beyond a reasonable doubt
Part of jury instructions in trials, in which the jurors are told that they can only find the defendant guilty if they are convinced "beyond a reasonable doubt" of his or her guilt. Thus, a juror (or judge sitting without a jury) must be convinced of guilt of a crime (or the degree of crime, as murder instead of manslaughter).
Prosecuting an individual twice for the same offense; prohibited by the Fifth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.
Groups of individuals who create an allegiance toward a common goal. In prison, these gangs often engage in unlawful or criminal behavior.
Model that emphasizes habits, respect for authority, and training in conformity.
Model that place emphasis on changing inmates through training. It is characterized by close inmate-staff relations, emphasis on changes in attitudes and social behavior, the acquisition of skills, and the development of personal resources.
Model that promotes the idea that offenders should be treated and consequently released back to the community.