APUSH Chapter 29 notecards

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When Jane Addams placed Teddy Roosevelt's name in nomination for the presidency in 1912, it symbolized what?

the rising political status of women.

Teddy Roosevelt's New Nationalism supported what?

broad program of social welfare and government regulation of business.

Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom favored what?

small enterprise and entrepreneurship.

In 1912 presidential election was notable because

it gave the voters a clear choice of political and economic philosophies.

According to the text, the runaway philosophical winter in 1912 election was

progressivism.

In 1912, Woodrow Wilson became the first person

born in the south elected to the presidency since the Civil War

Woodrow Wilson was most comfortable surrounded by

academic scholars

Woodrow Wilson's attitude toward the masses can be best described as

having faith in them if they were properly educated.

Woodrow Wilson's political philosophy included all of the following;

faith in the masses, a belief that the president should provide leadership for Congress, a belief that the president should appeal over the heads of legislatures to the sovereign people, and a belief in the moral essence of politics.

As a politician Woodrow Wilson was

inflexible and stubborn.

Congress passed the Underwood Tariff because

President Wilson aroused public opinion to support it passage.

]-->In 1913, Woodrow Wilson broke with a custom dating back to Jefferson's day when he

personally delivered his presidential address to Congress.

When Woodrow Wilson because president in 1912, the most serious shortcoming in the country's financial structure was that

currency was inelastic.

When Congress passed the Underwood Tariff Bill in 1913,

it intended the legislation to lower tariffs.

The Sixteenth Amendment provided

for a personal income tax.

The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 guaranteed

a substantial measure of public control over the American Banking system through the final authority given to the presidentially appointed Federal Reserve Board.

The Federal Reserve Act gave the Federal Reserve Board

the authority to issue paper money and increase the amount of money in circulation.

The Clayton Anti-Trust Act explicitly legalized

strikes and peaceful picketing.

Because of the benefits that it conferred on labor, Samuel Gompers called the

Clayton Anti-Trust Act "labor's Magna Charta"

The first Jew to sit on the United State Supreme Court, appointed by Woodrow Wilson, was

Louis D. Brandeis

Woodrow Wilson showed the limits of his progressivism by

accelerating the segregation of blacks in the federal bureaucracy.

Woodrow Wilson's early efforts to conduct anti-imperialist U.S. foreign policy were first undermined

when he sent American marines to Haiti.

Moralistic best characterizes Woodrow Wilson's

approach to American foreign policy diplomacy.

President Woodrow Wilson refused to intervene

in the affairs of Mexico until American sailors were arrested in the port of Tampico.

Before his first term ended, Woodrow Wilson had

militarily intervened in or purchased all of the following countries; Haiti, the Dominican Republic, the Virgin Islands, Mexico.

Woodrow Wilson's administration refused

to extend formal diplomatic recognition to the government in Mexico headed by Victoriano Huerta.

As World War I began in Europe, the alliance system placed

Germany and Austria-Hungary as leaders of the Central Powers, while Russia and France were among the Allies.

From 1914 to 1916, trade between the United States and Britain

pulled the American economy out of recession

With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the great majority of Americans

earnestly hoped to stay out of the war.

One primary effect of World War I on the United States was

was that it conducted an immense amount of trade with the Allies.

The Progressive "Bull Moose" party died

when Teddy Roosevelt refused to run as the party's presidential candidate in 1916.

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