Nutrition test 3

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Which of the following is a nutrient of concern for vegans?

Vitamin B-12

This is a protein energy malnutrition characterized by extreme thinness.

marasmus

which of the following proteins are fundamental to the immune system?

antibodies

Of the twenty amino acids relevant to the body, how many are considered non essential?

eleven

which is the only complete vegetable protein?

soy

a complete protein contains

all essential amino acids

which of the following is used to measure protein quality?

The amount of essential amino acids present and the digestibility of the protein

The digestion of proteins begins in the

stomach

Which of the following health problems has been associated with adequate calories but low protein intake?

kwashiorkor

what is edema?

A fluid imbalance that results in the swelling of tissues

Diseases that cause the malabsorption of fat can result in deficiency of

Both linoleic and linolenic acid.

Where do humans obtain Vitamin D?

sunlight and diet

Vitamin D toxicity is associated with

supplements

insufficient vitamin D during adulthood is associated with

osteomalacia

The effects of vitamin B deficiencies include

mental confusion and dermatitis.

vitamin k's primary role in the body is

blood clotting

in addition to dietary sources, vitamin k is produced where?

large intestine.

Which water soluble vitamin can regenerate vitamin E after it has been oxidized?

Vitamin C

Which of the following is not a function of vitamin E?

improving the absorption of vitamin C if dietary intake is low.

which of the following nutrients requires the most frequent consumption to prevent deficiency symptoms?

Thiamine.

The doctor has recently told Jenny that her iron stores are low. What should she consume?

A glass of orange juice

which of the following is the best source of thiamine?

whole grains

pellagra is the deficiency disease associated with

niacin

Which of the following conditions have vitamin B6 supplements been used to treat?

premenstrual syndrome.

Which of the following explains why folate is critical to the health of a newly conceived embryo?

folate is needed for proper cell division.

Vitamin B12 is essential for the proper functioning of

nerve cells

Research studies have consistently demonstrated an association between a reduced risk of cancer and

increased consumption of fruits and vegetables

Using a sunscreen with SPF of 8 or greater can inhibit the synthesis of vitamin D..True or false?

True

The B-complex vitamins are good energy sources for the body..True or false?

False

What element makes protein different from carbohydrate and fat?

nitrogen

All of the following are parts of an amino acid molecule except:

A fatty acid group

Which part of an amino acid distinguishes it from other amino acids?

side chain

which of the following foods is a complete source of protein?

chicken

Milk curdles when lemon juice is added to it. The change in protein is called..

denaturation

in the human body; proteins are found in

the blood, bone tissue and muscle tissue.

Which of the following is not a major function of protein in the body?

providing energy to the body

all of the following are examples of protein hormones except

testosterone

The process of combining to incomplete proteins to make a complete protein is called

mutual supplementation.

in order to increase muscle mass a person must

consume adequate protein and carbohydrates and begin a proper training program.

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