Are able to act as specialized antibodies that are capable of attacking specific antigens
a type of white blood cell that surrounds and kills invading cells
Is an example of an opportunistic infection frequently associated with HIV
Is produced by T CELL's - this family of proteins specializes in fighting viruses by slowing or stopping their multiplication
a family of FIVE (5) - secreted by PLASMA CELLS - which are closely related proteins that are also known as ANTIBODIES.
physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating malignant disorders such as tumors and cancer
West Nile Virus
carried by a species of mosquito that affects people with weak immune systems, it is a virus that causes flulike symptoms that can spread to the spinal cord and brain
commonly called: THRUSH, was known as: MONILIASIS, it is a fungal YEAST infection characterized by creamy-white, cordlike patches on the tongue and other mucosal surfaces of the mouth - can also affect skin and mucous membranes, and vagina.
a serious condition that occurs when an overwhelming bacterial infection affects the body
Medications that are capable of inhibit the growth of or killing pathogenic bacterial microorganisms.
any disease process usually involving enlargement of the lymph nodes
Lymph node dissection
a surgical procedure in which all of the lymph nodes in a major group are removed to determine or slow the spread of cancer
the use of natural or synthetic substances such as drugs or vitamins to reduce the risk of developing cancer, or to reduce the chance that cancer will recur
Cervical lymph nodes
located along the sides of the neck
the use of radioactive materials in contact with, or implanted into, the tissues to be treated
a diagnostic test that is performed to detect damage or malformations of the lymphatic vessels
Hemorrhage from a ruptured or bleeding spleen
AKA: anaphylactic shock - it is a severe response to an allergen in which the symptoms develop quickly, and without help, the patient can die within a few minutes.
drugs, (destructive to cells) taken as a medication, such as antineoplastic, that kills or damages cells.
is a malignant tumor of the soft tissue surrounding a synovial joint.
rod-shaped spore-forming bacteria, such as those that cause TETANUS, and are the most common form of bacteria, in addition to being the most difficult to destroy because it can produce spores.
swelling due to an abnormal accumulation of lymph fluid within the tissues
inflammation of a lymph node (or nodes), ,a condition AKA: swollen glands
specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions of altered immunologic reactivity, such as allergic reactions
small "bean-shaped" node, that: contains lymphocytes, filters pathogens, and is capable of destroying pathogens
Needle breast biopsy
a technique in which an x-ray guided needle is used to remove small samples of tissue from the breast
Methicillin-resistant strapylococcus aureus
(MRSA) is a bacterium responsible for several difficult-to-treat infections in humans, and can be fatal. It is also called: multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
is used AFTER the primary treatments have been completed to decrease the chance that a cancer will recur.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
AIDS, the most advanced and fatal stage of an HIV infection
any of various single-celled fungi that reproduce asexually by budding or division
A coiled, and worm-like, spiral-shaped microscopic bacterium that has endoflagella and flexes as it moves.
Drugs that inhibit the growth of or kill other bacterial microorganisms.
Drugs that act, are effective, or are directed against viruses.
the diagnostic surgical removal of only the cancerous tissue and a surrounding margin of normal tissue
lymphoid tissue hanging from the lower portion of the cecum.
Grape like clusters of round bacteria
bacteria that form a chain
Areas of Lymphoid tissue, located on the walls of the ileum. The ileum is last section of the small intestine.
the surgical removal of the entire breast and nipple
wraps the body in a physical barrier that prevents invading organisms from entering the body
any substance that the body regards as being foreign, and includes: viruses, bacteria, toxins, and transplanted tissues
a mass of lymphoid tissue, which covers the base of the tongue posterior to the oral cavity proper
located on the left and right sides of the throat in the area that is visible through the mouth
The collections of lymphatic tissue located in the pharynx to combat microorganisms entering the body through the nose or mouth. The tonsils are the pharyngeal tonsils, the palatine tonsils, and the lingual tonsils.
Another term for ADENOIDS. The tonsils are a collection of lymphatic tissue found in the nasopharynx to combat microorganisms entering the body through the nose.
aka: immune reaction, involves binding these foreign antigens to antibodies to form antigen-antibody complexes. This tags the potentially dangerous antigen so that it can be recognized and destroyed by other cells of the immune system
specialized lymphocytes that produce and secrete antibodies
Cells created in the thymus that produce substances that attack infected cells in the body.
"cell eating" a cell engulfs a particle and packages it within a food vacuole
proteins secreted by T cells to aid and regulate the immune response by slowing and or stopping multiplication
Cells that are capable of producing ANTIBODIES, that are coded to destroy specific antigens
a substance that produces an allergic reaction in an individual
Chronic autoimmune disorder that can occur anywhere in the digestive tract
autoimmune neromuscular disorder characterized by weakness of voluntary muscles *astenia: no strength
used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis, hepatitis C, and some cancers
an antigen that is capable of inducing an allergic response
overreaction by the body to an antigen
a disease-fighting protein created in response the immune system in response to a specific antigen
any substance that the body regards as being foreign
signal between the cells of the immune system - produced by T Cells
rod-shaped, spore-forming bacterium
a small bacterium that lives in lice, fleas, ticks, and mites
spiral-shaped bacteria that have flexible walls and are capable of movement
bacteria that form irregular groups or clusters
bacteria that form a chain, that cause strep throat or blood poisoning.
an acute contagious disease caused by herpes varicella zoster virus
An infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) that is characterized by fever, a sore throat, and enlarged lymph nodes
an acute viral infection that may be transmitted to humans by the blood, tissue, or saliva of an infected animal
A virus that can complicate pregnancy, causing miscarriage, stillbirth or congenital disorders; also called German Measles
viral disease that affects the peripheral nerves and causes blisters on the skin that follow the course of the affected nerves; also called herpes zoster - disease similar to chickenpox
Carcinoma in situ
a malignant tumor in its original position that has not yet disturbed or invaded the surrounding tissues
malignant tumor that occurs in epithelial tissue
the process by which cancer spreads from one place to another
malignant tumor that arises from connective tissue
autoimmune disorder that affects the endocrine gland
affects the integumentary system
a chronic progressive nervous system disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
Autoimmune disease that affects the skeletal system; specifically involving inflammation of the joints