Blood System

Created by mmlocki 

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hematology

scientific study of blood

blood

life giving fluid of the body

plasma

straw colored liquid that makes up over half the volume of blood

fibrinogen

protein essential for clotting

albumin

protein that aids in maintaining normal BP

prothrombin

used for blood clotting purposes

hemopoiesis

production of formed elements in blood

differentiation

cells become specializedfor specific functions

erythrocytes

red blood cells

leukocytes

white blood cells

thrombocytes

platelets

hemoglobin

iron protein

macrophages

break down of RBC and hemoglobin into bilirubin

phagocytic cell

responds to infection and tissue damage by engulfing and destroying bacteria

eosinophils

increase in number in an allergic reaction

basophils

secrete histamine and heparin

monocytes

largest white blood cell

lymphocytes

made in lymph nodes and circulate blood in lymphatic system

hemostasis

clotting

thrombus

clot that forms and stays in place in a blood vessel

thrombosis

abnormal vascular condition in which a thrombus forms

embolism

abnormal circulatory condition in which a clot dislodges and travels through the blood stream

embolus

dislodged circulating clot

8-10

average number of pints of blood an adult carries

2-8

normal range of blood clotting

antigens

makes one persons blood different from the other's

antibodies

proteins used by the immune system to identify bacteria and virus

agglutination

clumping of RBC

Type A blood

anti-B antibodies

Type A blood

anti-A antibodies

Type AB blood

universal recipient

Type O blood

universal donor

hemolysis

breakdown of blood cells

Rh factor

antigen found on the surface of RBC

cholesterol

formed from the metabolism of fats

LDL

low density lipoprotein bad cholesterol

HDL

high density lipoprotein good cholesterol

triglycerides

common types of fats that are good for you in normal amounts

anemia

deficiency of oxygen being delivered to the cells because of decrease in the quantity of HgB or RBC

aplastic anemia

a reduction in the number of RBC, WBC and platelets

hemolytic anemia

extreme reduction in circulating RBC's due to their destruction

pernicious anemia

lack of vitamin B12 causing a deficiency of mature RBC

sickle cell anemia

crescent shaped RBC clump together forming an occlusion in a blood vessel

hemophilia

different hereditary inadequacies of coagulation factors 8 and 9

leukemia

cancer of the bone marrow that leads to excessive uncontrolled increase of immature WBC

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