C Wright Mils
Created something called the sociological imagination. A humanistic view of sociology and how it affects history and society.
Wrote "the Power Elitee"
Said that every science, including sociology, went through three stages: Theological, metaphysical and positive.
Father of Sociology
One of the first sociologists, right after Comte. Studied sociology in England.
Was a conflict theorists and the leader of communism. Believed that the burgeoisie exploited the proletariat.
Said elimination of conflict would create true community. Said that eventually the proletariat would rebel and achieve this.
Studied and categorized suicide into four types: anomic, altruistic, fatalistic,
Studied how society limits man and gives our lives meaning and purpose.
Saw deviance as a result of normlessness
"the Elementary Forms of Religious Life"
Said that religion seeks to create meaning in society and express it through rituals.
explained the origins of capitalism and tested Comte's ideas.
Studied understanding and ideas.
Said the protestant ethic led to the industrial revolution.
Created denotative and connotative understanding.
Developed ideal bureaucracy
Believed in Authority Legitimacy
Created three types of authority: traditional, rational legal and charismatic
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit off Capitalism - Author
unlike marx, thought class would continue
Took a humanistic approach to sociology at the turn of the century with William Graham.
Took a humanistic approach to sociology at the turn of the century with Lester Ward.
George Herbert Mead
Worked at the university of Chicago and originated psychology. Concept of 'me' and 'I' to explain self image and individual.
Studied play taking on roles as children.
Concentrated on Chicago studying drug addiction, crime, prostitution, and juvenile delinquency. (w ernest burgess)
Studied city life in Chicago and explored drug addiction, crime, prostitution, and juvenile delinquency with Robert Park.
A functionalist and advocated the "Grand Theory." Said that society was built on the organization of interrelated parts.
Distinguished manifest, latent or unintended consequences of social structure. Believed this functions either functional or dysfunctional.
Attempted to end the "oversocialized" and the too socially determined "man in sociology"
Charles Horton Cooley
Primary and Secondary relationships
Dyad and Triad.
J. L. Moreno
Sociometry: the direction of interactions in a group.
Iron law of Oligarchy: says that a few individuals hold sway over an organization and look to their own interests.
Studied social deviance as a result of normlessness.
G. William Domhoff
Believed in a governing class that controlled most of the power. These were mad of the rich and upper class.
Believed in the unequal distribution, but didn't think of the elite as a group. They all had separate interests so that no group dominated.
Was a functionalist, believing structure was necessary. And studied demographics.
Said that stratification was necessary for society to function. Since some have better abilities, they need an incentive to use them.
Emerge norm theory
Ralph Turner and Lewis Killian developed this collective behavior theory.