|C Wright Mils|| Created something called the sociological imagination. A humanistic view of sociology and how it affects history and society.|
Wrote "the Power Elitee"
|Auguste Comte|| Said that every science, including sociology, went through three stages: Theological, metaphysical and positive.|
Father of Sociology
|Harriet Martineau||One of the first sociologists, right after Comte. Studied sociology in England.|
|Karl Marx|| Was a conflict theorists and the leader of communism. Believed that the burgeoisie exploited the proletariat.|
Said elimination of conflict would create true community. Said that eventually the proletariat would rebel and achieve this.
|Emile Durkheim||Studied and categorized suicide into four types: anomic, altruistic, fatalistic,|
Studied how society limits man and gives our lives meaning and purpose.
Saw deviance as a result of normlessness
"the Elementary Forms of Religious Life"
Said that religion seeks to create meaning in society and express it through rituals.
|Max Weber||explained the origins of capitalism and tested Comte's ideas.|
Studied understanding and ideas.
Said the protestant ethic led to the industrial revolution.
Created denotative and connotative understanding.
Developed ideal bureaucracy
Believed in Authority Legitimacy
Created three types of authority: traditional, rational legal and charismatic
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit off Capitalism - Author
unlike marx, thought class would continue
|Lester Ward||Took a humanistic approach to sociology at the turn of the century with William Graham.|
|William Graham||Took a humanistic approach to sociology at the turn of the century with Lester Ward.|
|George Herbert Mead|| Worked at the university of Chicago and originated psychology. Concept of 'me' and 'I' to explain self image and individual. |
Studied play taking on roles as children.
|Robert Park||Concentrated on Chicago studying drug addiction, crime, prostitution, and juvenile delinquency. (w ernest burgess)|
|Ernest Burgess||Studied city life in Chicago and explored drug addiction, crime, prostitution, and juvenile delinquency with Robert Park.|
|Talcott Parsons||A functionalist and advocated the "Grand Theory." Said that society was built on the organization of interrelated parts.|
|Robert Merton||Distinguished manifest, latent or unintended consequences of social structure. Believed this functions either functional or dysfunctional.|
|Dennis Wrong||Attempted to end the "oversocialized" and the too socially determined "man in sociology"|
|Erving Goffman|| Dramaturgy|
|Charles Horton Cooley|| Looking-glass self.|
Primary and Secondary relationships
|Ferdinand Tonnies|| Gemeinschaft|
|George Simmel||Dyad and Triad.|
|J. L. Moreno||Sociometry: the direction of interactions in a group.|
|Robert Michel||Iron law of Oligarchy: says that a few individuals hold sway over an organization and look to their own interests.|
|Robert Merton||Studied social deviance as a result of normlessness.|
|G. William Domhoff||Believed in a governing class that controlled most of the power. These were mad of the rich and upper class.|
|David Riesman|| Believed in the unequal distribution, but didn't think of the elite as a group. They all had separate interests so that no group dominated. |
|Kingsley Davis||Was a functionalist, believing structure was necessary. And studied demographics.|
|Wilbert Moore||Said that stratification was necessary for society to function. Since some have better abilities, they need an incentive to use them.|
|Emerge norm theory||Ralph Turner and Lewis Killian developed this collective behavior theory.|