La Venta is a pre-Columbian archaeological site of the Olmec civilization located in the present-day Mexican state of Tabasco
the first Olmec ceremonial center that arose about 1200 B.C.E.
an ancient land bridge over which the earliest Americans are believed to have migrated from Asia into the Americas
A site near Chille, South America where archeoligist discovered artifacts of hunter-gathers adting to 12,500 years ago
a minority population in Japan; first settlers in Japan
any of numerous extinct elephants widely distributed in the Pleistocene
Civilization that flourished in southern Mexico's Oaxaca Valley (c. 500 B.C.E. to C.E. 600) -- developed own writting system, architecture modified
Mexico and Central America
A Mesoamerican civilization of Central America and southern Mexico. Achievements include mathematics, architecture, and a 365 day a year calendar. They flourished between the 4th and 12th centuries C.E..
Chief center of Zapotec culture in southern Mexico during preclassic period; contemporary with Olmec culture; based on irrigated agriculture and calendrical and writing systems
The Zapotecs were located here (Monte Alban), where three valleys met to form a large open area; has fertile soil, mild climate, and enough rainfall to support agriculture
(1400 B.C.E. to 500 B.C.E.) earliest known Mexican civilization,lived in rainforests along the Gulf of Mexico, developed calendar and constructed public buildings and temples, carried on trade with other groups.
a civilization that flourished on what is now the sourthern coast of Peru from about 200 B.C. to A.D. 600.
the first major South American civilization, which flourished in the highlands of what is now Peru from about 900 to 200 B.C.
Civilization of north coast of Peru (200-700 C.E.). An important Andean civilization that built extensive irrigation networks as well as impressive urban centers dominated by brick temples. (p. 313)
a cold period in which huge ice sheets spread outward from the polar regions, the last one of which lasted from about 1,900,000 to 10,000 B.C.
tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears: widely cultivated in America in many varieties