What are fungi?
They are eukaryote heterotrophs that have cell walls.
The cell walls of fungi are made of chitin, a complex carbohydrate that is also found in the external skeletons of insects.
thin filaments that multicellular fungi are composed of.
things that divide the hypae into cells containing one or two nuclei,
What is the typical body structure of a typical fungi?
The bodies of multicellular fungi are composed of many hypae tangled together into a thick mass called a mycelium.
a reproductive structure growing from the mycelium in the soil beneath it.
How do fungi reproduce?
Most fungi reproduce both asexually and sexually.
spores are reproduced in structure like this
specialized hypae; sporangia are found on the tips of these.
When two hypae of opposite sexes meet, what do they produce?
a diploid zygote nucleus.
How do fungal spores spread?
Wind and various animals carring them around.
organisms that obtain food from decaying organic matter.
symbiotic assosiations between a fungus and a photosynthetic organism.
What is the major role of fungi in an ecosystem?
Fungi plays an essential role in maintaining equilibrium in nearly every ecosystem, where they recycle nutrients by breaking down the bodies and waste of other organisms.
Explain the roles of fungi in causing disease in humans and in other things.
Parasitic fungi cause serious plant and animal diseases. A few cause diseases in humans.
Describe two mutualistic relationships that fungi form with other organisms.
some fungi form symbiotic relationships in which both partners benefit. Two such mutualistic associations, lichens and mycorrhizae, are essential to many ecosystems.
know the wheat rust life cycle.
pg. 538 of textbook
assosiations of plant roots and fungus. (pg. 541 of textbook)