Issued by Metternich, required 39 independent German states, including Prussia and Austria, to root out subversive ideas. (censorship) Also established permanent comittee with spies to punish any liberal or radical organization.
(1814-1824) Restored Bourbon throne after the Revoltion. His nephew is assassinated. He accepted Napoleon's Civil Code (principle of equality before the law), honored the property rights of those who had purchased confiscated land and establish a bicameral (two-house) legislature consisting of the Chamber of Peers (chosen by king) and the Chamber of Deputies (chosen by an electorate).
Charter of 1814
Louis XVIII did this. It is a document incorporating an institution and specifying its rights, it recognized equality before the law
King Louis XVIII back on the throne of france with a constitutional monarchy. except for napoleon's 100 days in power when he came back from his exile and ended with july revolution
The July Revolution (also called the Revolution of 1830) saw the overthrow of Charles X and the ascension of Louis-Philippe to the French throne. The July Revolution is important because it marked the transition of power from the House of Bourbon to the House of Orléans.
His play Hernani set liberalism and romanticism against the monarchy. Writes Hunchback of Notre Dame, equated freedom in literature with liberty in politics and society. Starts out Conservative, renounces ways, opposite of Wordsworth. Also Lai Miserabs-Miserable Ones, France from Napoleanic Wars to 1848. Romantic author
French painter best known for his satirical lithographs of bourgeois society (1808-1879). One of his paintings mocked the Chamber of Deputies
King of France following Charles X. (1830-1848) Abdicated the throne against threat of republican revolution (smelled his popularity was diminishing). Benefits the rich.
Period in France (1830-1848) where the bourgeoisie class was dominant and King Louis-Philippe was at the head of a constitutional monarchy. The monarchy eventually became too rigid and unwilling to change and was overthrown.
The last Bourbon. Set out to restore the absolute monarchy with the help of the ultraroyalists. Tried to repay nobles for lands lost during the revolution, but the liberals in teh legislative assemly opposed him. Eventually, he issued the July Ordinances.
Reform Bill of 1832
Legislation passed in Great Britain that extended the vote to most members of the middle class; failed to produce democracy in Britain.
Tory prime minister joined with Whigs and a minority of his own party to repeal Corn Laws in 1846 and allow free imports of grain
He was the leader of the Whigs who helped King William IV to form a government.
Enacted in 1815, these laws protected British agriculture by placing strict limits on the amount of foreign grain to be imported. They resulted in keeping basic food prices artificially high until their repeal in 1846.
Reformers who wanted changes like universal male suffrage; the secret ballot; and payment for members of Parliament, so that even workingmen could afford to enter politics. This group supported a document called the People's Charter.
Alphonse de Lamartine
French poet and politician (1790-1869) he was a "political" republican who came to political prominence during the 1848 French Revolution. As the head of the Constituent Assembly he opposed Louis Blanc and pushed for the abolition of slavery and the death penalty; he would later run for president against Napoleon III and only got 18,000 votes.
Second French Republic
After the 1848 revolution in France, which caused Louis-Philippe to flee, this government system was put in place by revolutionists and guaranteed universal male suffrage. Louis-Napoleon (later known as Napoleon III), nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte, was overwhelmingly elected president, and France enjoyed a period of stability and prosperity. This government was later overthrown in yet another coup d'etat.
Product of the new government in France, used to control the unemployment rate, they were really temporary relief programs, Disliked by the moderates, Disbanded in June by government, Incited 3 day revolution where workers fought against troops and lost
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte
Elected president of France following general election. Won 70% of the votes because of his name. Bonaparte later changed the government to an empire w/himself as emperor just like his uncle, the original Napoleon.
A revolt during the month of June as a result of the abolishment of national workshops. This event ended the liberal capitalist and the radical socialists tension ending in victory for liberalism and Capitalism.-Also with the June Days it led to having a new constitution demanding a strong executive, which led to the rise of Louis Napoleon. 10,000 people are killed.