French and Indian War
ended- 1763 , King George III
American colonists where on english side
1775-1788 Body that ran the policies between the colonies and then into the states.
Lexington and Concord
Battle (1775) -govt was being unjust
- fought between minute man
Articles of confederation
Continental congress failed b/c 1st blueprint of government gave too much power to the states.
James Madison 1787-1789
All representatives discussed pros and cons of the constitution.
NJ and Virginia Plan
NJ- mall state, proposed that all states had the same # of representatives
Virginia Plan- States with more population should have more say.
The Bicameral Legislation fixed this problem
Senate and House of Representatives
2 senates per state
1 house of representatives for every 10,000
votes depending the majority
Thomas Jefferson , Madison
Bill of Rights
10th st amendments
Freedom of speech...
Checks & Balances
Executive- executes the law
Legislative- Makes the law
Judicial- Judges the law
1785 36 plots the 16 was for schools
in the northwest territory which was open land.
Articles of Confederation passed this law
5 president- James Monroe
Europeans may not re-establish colonies. 1823
- English, Spain, and portugal stay out of the Americas.
War of 1812
The new govt was scared that England would return & make the colonies again.
-1812 there was a war between the French and England Empire. Lewis 15th was beheaded.
- England burned White House. They didnt have to the resources to spread an army out and so they withdrew and nobody took land from the US.
if the federal goverment passed the state could void a federal law.
When kansas and Nebraska applied for statehood
- South was concerned that they would outlaw slavery popular soverenthy- states voted
Harriet Beecher Stove
"Uncle Toms Cabin" Portrayed slavery as brutal.
argument over slavery before civil war.
created the cotton gin
Supreme court returned him to slavery after he escape the state he lived to a slavery free state.
- gave northerners motivation to fight slavery . he was returned to the south.
Womens sphere. sperate world.
1848 meeting of women issued the declaration of sentiments.
citizenship and legal stay
right to vote to colored men
1862 during civil war passed when south had suceeded
- If seddler would agree to stay on the land of 5 years the govt would give them a 500 acres plot.
1856 compromise of 1850 was a direct result of the war.
Believe that God gave teh US the right to won all the land from atlantic to Pacific ocean.
General and president in 1868 , republican , sent army from north to south.
North - free
South - not, slavery
Hamiltons Economic plan
Alexander Hamilton brains of the federalist movement.
- America to suceed had to have a financial system.
US govt would take over all the dept after the revolutionary war by using bonds. based on the vision that US had to become an industrial power.
Washingtons Farewell Address
Letter written to the people of the US, about his retirement and hopes for the US
Formed by Alexander Hamilton .
supports a strong centralized government.
didnt want a strong central goverment
political party at the era of the Jacksonian. (President Andrew Jackson) supported the supremacy of Congress over the
presidency and favored a program of modernization and economic protectionism.
were laws in the United States after the Civil War with the effect of limiting the basic human rights and civil liberties of blacks.
to deprive (a person) of the right to vote or other rights of citizenship
Boston 1st president.
Founding father, principal author of the DOI
Trail of Tears
Indian removal act of 1830. indians were forced to move westward of the continent
is an executive order issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War using his war powers.
It proclaimed the freedom of slaves
The Proclamation immediately freed 50,000 slaves
African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist.
James Adams wife stood up for women.
is a system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crop produced on the land
Ku Klux Klan flourished in the South in the 1860s,