protozoa, algae, and slime molds
the kingdom of protists includes...
are protists prokaryotes or eukaryotes?
animals, plants, and fungi!
gave rise to plants, animals, and fungi
explains how protists (eukaryotes) cane about
one prokaryote engulfs another and "enslaves" it.
describe the endosymbiote hypothesis
mitochondria and chloroplasts
the main evidence for the endosymbiote hypothesis is in the...
double membranes, self replicating, have DNA, have their own ribosomes, resemble bacteria... etc.
evidence for the endosymbiote hypothesis
Are protozoa uni-cellular, bi-cellular, or multi-cellular?
flagellates, ciliates, sarcodines, sporozoans
basic types of protozoa
method of movement
protozoa are grouped according to their...
slime molds reproduce with...
complex, link between uni and multi-cellular organisms?
describe the life-cycles of slime molds
a phylogenetic diagram based on evolutionary relationships
divergence of two species from a common ancestors
in a cladogram each branch point represents the divergence of two species from a common ancestor
cladograms are based on...
species that defines which study group trait is the oldest
shared derived characters
traits that distinguish a particular clade
contains a single common ancestor and all its descendant species
results in the simplest cladogram possible
species that will be placed into clades with a cladogram
evolutionary branch of a cladogram that contains a common ancestor and all its descendant species
non-living particles, name means "poison"
the _____ of a virus varies but the _____ is consistent.
capsid, envelop, nucleic acid
basic components of a virus
a RNA only virus
the virus immediately causes its host cell to lyse
causes the viral DNA to become a part of the host DNA
the enzyme that is needed for the lysogenic cycle in retroviruses
extreme environments, diverse branching in lipids of plasma membrane, chemical differences in cell wall, differences in ribosomes
domain archaea characteristics
prokaryotes, any type of aerobic or any type of trophic
domain bacteria characteristics
flagella, cilia, capsule, cell wall, plasma membrane, cytosol, ribosomes, nucleoid
basic components of bacteria
indicates pairs of bacteria
chains of bacteria
bacteria reproduce through...
conjugation, transformation, transduction, plasmid exchange
ways to gain genetic variation with bacteria
multicellular, no flagella, saprophytes, haploid life cycle with windblown spores during sexual/asexual reproduction,
characteristics of fungi (textbook)
the body of fungi
threads that make up the mycelium
spores are produced on ____________s.
chitin (glucose w/ amine group)
cell walls are made with ______
so that digestive enzymes to not break down the cell wall
why are fungi cell walls made of chitin
fungi store glucose as _________.
decomposers, symbioses, produce antibiotics, food production/food, yeast fermentation, cause diseases, cause rotting/spoiling of food and homes
importance of fungi
naked strands of RNA