Alkyl halide, 2eq Li, diethyl ether; low temperature
Alkyl halide, Magnesium, diethyl ether, room temperature
Grignard Reaction with CO2
forms a carboxylic acid
CH2I2, Zinc coated in copper, diethyl ether
CHX3, bulky base
Oxymercuration Demercuration Reaction
Hg(OCOCH3)2, H20, NaBH4/KOH
What is KOH used for in Oxymercuration Demercuration reaction
neutralize the acetic acid formed.
Reduction of ketones and aldehydes
Reduction of ketones, aldehydes, esters, acids, NO2, akyl halides, alkenes,
LiAlH4, diethyl ether, H30+
Leaving groups needing heat in esterification
alcohol, ester, ether, amine
Leaving group using room temperature in esterification
What makes the best leaving group
Electron withdrawing group or small electron donating group.
Mild alcohol oxidizing groups
CrO3 in pyradine, PCC, NaOCl
Harsh alcohol oxidizing groups
hot KMnO4, K2Cr2O7 in H2SO4, H2CrO4
Acidic dehydration of alcohol
acid and heat
Basic dehydration of alcohol
POCl3, pyrandine, heat
Alkyl halide to primary or secondary alcohol
Alkyl halide to tertiary alcohol
Alkyl halide, sodium hydrosulfide
Prepare cis Diol
cold KMnO4 or OsO4
Prepare trans Diol basic
MCPBA then OH/H20
Prepare trans Diol acidic
MCPBA then H+/H20
Protecting group for alcohol
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.