Second Grade Social Studies Vocabulary
| colony /ka lə ni/ (n)|
definition: a place where a group of people come to settle which is under the control of their home country.
|America was a colony of England before it became independent.|
| culture /kuhl chər/ (n)|
definition: the language, customs, ideas, and art of a particular group of people.
|Greek culture has become one of the most influential cultures in the history of the world.|
| custom /kuh stəm/ (n)|
definition: a way of acting that is usual or accepted for a person or a social group.
|Shaking hands when you meet someone is a common custom in the United States.|
| election /ih lek shən/ (n)|
definition: the process of choosing a person to serve in government by voting.
|In the United States, the election of the president takes place every four years.|
| explore /ihk splor/ (v)|
definition: to travel across or through in order to discover or search for something.
| Marco Polo was able to explore lands that are now countries like India, Iran, Afghanistan, Mongolia, and |
China, where he spent 17 years of his trip.
| explorer /hk splo rər/ (n)|
definition: a person who explores an area that is not known.
| Explorers often looking for different things, such as exotic spices, gold or jewels, rumored lands, or new |
and shorter routes to their destinations.
| globe /glob/ (n)|
definition: the world; planet Earth.
|He traveled around the globe.|
| government /guh vərn mənt/ or /guh vər mənt/ |
definition: the political direction and control of people living in a community, state, or nation.
|Government is challenging in a country where the people speak different languages.|
| holiday /ha lih deI/ (n)|
definition: a day on which most people do not work in honor or celebration of some person or event.
|Thanksgiving and New Year's Day are two holidays.|
| independence /In dih pen dəns/ (n)|
definition: the state or condition of being independent.
|We celebrate our country's independence on July fourth.|
| justice /juh stihs/ (n)|
definition: the upholding of what is fair, just, and right.
|The innocent man was freed in the interest of justice.|
| landmark /laend mark/ (n)|
definition: a historic building.
|The old inn where George Washington once slept is a landmark.|
| legend /le jənd/ (n)|
definition 1: a story that has been handed down from an earlier time. Many people know these stories, but they cannot be proven true.
definition 2: a person about whom such stories are told.
| 1. The coyote is a central figure in Native American legend.|
2. Johnny Appleseed was an American legend.
| monument /man yə mənt/ (n)|
definition: something built in memory of a person, event, or special deed.
|The monument in front of the hospital honored the doctor who had saved so many lives.|
| nation /neI shən/ (n)|
definition 1: a people living in the same region of the world and having a common history, language, and culture.
definition 2: a people living under its own independent government.
| 1. Mexico is a nation in North America.|
2. Our nation elects a president every four years.
| pilgrim /pIl grəm/ (n)|
definition 1: someone who takes a trip to a holy place for a religious purpose.
definition 2: (capitalized) one of the English people who founded the Plymouth colony in Massachusetts in 1620.
| 1. The pilgrims are a group of Englishmen (and women) who sailed the Mayflower to America in 1620. |
2. The Pilgrims left Plymouth, England, on September
| rural /rUr əl/ (adj)|
definition: having to do with country life.
|People in rural areas often live by farming.|
| settlement /se təl mənt/ (n)|
definition: a place where people have recently settled; colony.
|In the 1800s many settlements sprang up across the Great Plains.|
| urban /uhr bən/ (adj)|
definition: having to do with a city or town. Urban comes from "urbs", a Latin word that means "city."
|This urban area is home to thousands of people and businesses.|